Prior to the Second Vatican Council the moderation of the
liturgy, including the publication and supervision of liturgical books, was the
responsibility of the Apostolic See and the local bishop.The Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, Sacrosanctum Concilium (December 4,
1963), extended this responsibility also to Conferences of Bishops for their
respective territories, to the extent determined in church discipline and law
(cf. canon 838 §3 of the Code of Canon
As a part of its responsibility, the Committee on Divine
Worship, a standing committee of the United States Conference of Catholic
Bishops, has authorized the following guidelines for the use and publication of
liturgical materials.The Committee,
assisted by its Secretariat, wishes to cooperate as fully as possible with all
publishers, editors, writers, and composers involved in the development,
production and distribution of liturgical materials, from approved books to
popular participation aids, in the hope of encouraging excellence in
celebration.The Committee remains open
to addressing issues that might develop as the Roman Missal reaches the final stages of publication.
role of the national episcopal conference and its episcopal liturgical
commission (in this country the Committee on Divine Worship) has been defined
in the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy (nos. 22, 36, 39-40, 44) and the
Instruction Inter œcumenici, On the
Orderly Carrying Out of the Constitution on the Liturgy (Consilium and the
Sacred Congregation for Rites, September 26, 1964, nos. 44-45). The authority, exercised by the Apostolic See
for Latin liturgical books and now by the episcopal conferences for the
vernacular liturgical books, was further specified in the decree of the
Congregation of Rites, January 27, 1966. (See also the decree of the Conference of Bishops of the United States,
April 2, 1964, concerning the examination and control of liturgical
translations.) Liturgiam authenticam, the Fifth Instruction on Vernacular
Translations of the Roman Liturgy (issued by the Congregation for Divine
Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments on March 28, 2001), further
specifies the role of the Conference of Bishops:
As regards the
publication of liturgical books translated into the vernacular which are the
property of a given Conference of Bishops, the right of publication is reserved
to those editors to whom the Conference of Bishops shall have given this right
by contract, with due regard for the requirements both of civil law and
juridical custom prevailing in each country for the publication of books. (no.
on Divine Worship, therefore, has the responsibility of regulating
pastoral-liturgical actions under the authority of the United States Conference
of Catholic Bishops. This includes the
supervision of the publication of approved liturgical books, participation
aids, and those prayerbooks which contain liturgical materials. Supervision of the publication of books wholly
comprising devotional materials does not fall within the scope of the Committee
on Divine Worship and rests with the local Ordinary of the place in which they
are published (cf. canon 826 §3 of the Code
of Canon Law).
purpose of this national episcopal responsibility—and of the present
guidelines—is not only to assert authoritative control but to encourage, and
collaborate in, the production and publication of the most effective and
excellent liturgical books and other materials.The guidelines have been prepared so that all who participate in any
form of liturgical publishing may be assured of the willingness of the
Committee on Divine Worship to assist and cooperate.
- The statements of principles and regulations in these
guidelines apply to all kinds of liturgical publications issued or distributed
in the dioceses of the United States, that is, within the territory subject to
the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the United States Conference of Catholic
- Special attention should be given to the high quality
of books used for reading the liturgical texts to the people in the vernacular,
so that even the book's appearance may prompt greater reverence for the word of
God and for sacred objects (see Liturgiam
authenticam, no. 120, and the Instruction Inter œcumenici, no. 40e.).They should be clear in their arrangement and typography, worthy in
appearance and quality of paper and binding, supplemented by such catechetical
and other comments as will encourage effective and dignified celebration, and
be faithful to the goals of the liturgical reform.In particular, from the approved liturgical
books to the simplest participation aids, publications should provide the
greatest possible diversity and options, as expected by the liturgical reform.No publication should limit, directly or
indirectly, the breadth of choice open to the priest and other ministers, the
leaders of song, parish and community worship committees, or others who
participate in planning liturgical celebration.Similarly, no explanation or arrangement of text or rites should
misrepresent or distort the approved ritual, as found in the vernacular typical
editions approved by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and
confirmed by the Apostolic See.
these guidelines the term "publisher" is applicable to any person or group,
public or private, for-profit or not-for-profit, ecclesiastical, religious, or
lay, engaged in the production of liturgical materials for distribution to
others."Publications" refer to such materials
by whatever process they may be produced or reproduced, whether for sale or for
distribution without charge.
- For typical vernaculareditions, the recognitio granted
by the Apostolic See is to be indicated in the printed editions together with
the concordat cum originali signed by
the chairman of the liturgical Commission of the Conference of Bishops, as well
as the imprimatur undersigned by the
President of the same Conference (Liturgiam
authenticam, no. 81).
publication of liturgical texts iuxta
typicam, that isreproductions of
all or part of liturgical texts in other forms such as in participation aids,
is governed by a separate canonical norm, canon 826 §2.The requisite attestation that a liturgical
book is in conformity with the approved typical edition (in this case, the typical
vernacularedition) is supplied by
the Ordinary of the place where the liturgical book is published.
addition, it is the responsibility of the publisher to obtain the necessary
permission or contract from the copyright holder of any liturgical or other
text which is included in a publication.Such permission should be sought as soon as the material has been chosen
and always prior to its publication.Any
conditions or requirements established by copyright holders are in addition to
these guidelines, including the payment of royalties or other fees, and have
their own force.
are reminded that the appropriate copyright notice is to be made, as specified
by the copyright holder.
In the case of
texts prepared by the International Commission on English in the Liturgy
(ICEL), as in the case of the Roman
Missal, the copyright notice reads:
Copyright © (year or years of publication),
International Commission on English in the Liturgy Corporation. All rights reserved.
In the case of texts from the New American Bible or the Lectionary for Mass, the copyright
from the Lectionary for Mass:
from the Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States
of America, second typical edition © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970
Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC. Used with permission. All rights reserved. No portion of this text may be reproduced by
any means without permission in writing from the copyright owner.
from the New American Bible:
texts in this work are taken from the New
American Bible with Revised New Testament and Revised Psalms © 1991, 1986,
1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C. and are used by
permission of the copyright owner. All
Rights Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced in
any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner.
texts in this work are taken from the New
American Bible with Revised New Testament © 1986, 1970 Confraternity of
Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C. and are used by permission of the
copyright owner. All Rights
Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced in
any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner.
the authorization to publish or the directions described below apply to both
first and subsequent printings, but in every case the Secretariat of Divine
Worship should be informed of new printings so that necessary changes or
corrections can be incorporated.
inquiries concerning these guidelines and all other communications should be
addressed to the Committee on Divine Worship through its Secretariat (3211
Fourth Street, NE, Washington, DC 20017).Any doubts concerning the application of the guidelines should be
resolved in sufficient time before publication.
are requested to place the Secretariat of Divine Worship on their mailing lists
so that copies of all publications, releases, advertising and promotional
material, etc. will be available to
Books containing liturgical texts fall into one of three categories:
A. Approved Liturgical Books
liturgical books" are complete or excerpted editions of the vernacular
translations of the Latin editiones typicæ
which have been duly approved for liturgical use in the dioceses of the United
States of America by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.They are books or excerpts from books which
are intended for use by the celebrant or ministers in the celebration of Mass,
the sacraments, or other liturgical rites.
Committee on Divine Worship, in consultation with publishers, will determine
whether a liturgical book will be published exclusively by a single publisher
or will be made available to publishers non-exclusively.In the United States of America, the revised
edition of the Roman Missal is
available to publishers on a non-exclusive basis.Authorization must be obtained in the case of
each book but will not be unreasonably withheld from any publisher who complies
with the conditions and requirements of the Committee on Divine Worship.
- When the
ICEL texts are available and their approbation for use in the United States is
anticipated, the Committee on Divine Worship will inform publishers and invite
them to apply for authorization to publish an approved edition.The projected contents, format, size, number
of copies to be printed, estimated selling price, and date of publication
should be submitted with the application.
Committee will provide authorized publishers with all necessary adaptations and
directives upon approval of the liturgical texts by the episcopal conference
and confirmation by the Apostolic See.
publisher may alter the approved text, prescribed arrangement, or required
format in any way.The publisher is free
to select typefaces, page and book design, and the like which are compatible
with the purpose and use of the publication.Publishers are invited to propose rearrangements of texts, additions of
supplementary material, graphic designs, etc.;
however, these may be adopted only with permission of the Committee on Divine
must submit for the examination of the Secretariat staff of the Committee on
Divine Worship three copies of either the complete manuscript or the first
galley proofs of the proposed publication, allowing six to eight weeks for
review.After the incorporation of
changes, corrections, and the like required by the Committee on Divine Worship,
a further set of proofs is to be submitted.
authorization to print will be given in written form only upon the submission
of three copies of the final proof pages in which all changes have been
- In the case
of a complete edition of an approved liturgical book the Chairman of the
Committee on Divine Worship will issue the publisher a formal written
authorization to publish.
acknowledgment page of such publications shall include a mention of the
approbation and confirmation of the liturgical book; the copyright page shall
Published by authority of the Committee on Divine
United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
consultation with all publishers authorized to publish an edition of a newly
approved liturgical book, dates of publication and distribution will be set by
the Committee on Divine Worship.
upon printing and binding, and prior to distribution, five copies are to be
sent to the Secretariat for its use, together with two copies for transmission
to the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments.
payable to the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and to the
Apostolic See through the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops have
been treated separately in the USCCB policy on royalties.
- Copies of
all promotional and advertising material related to approved liturgical books
are to be submitted prior to printing and distribution to dealers,
publications, subscribers, etc.
- See "Appendix
I: Editorial Requirements for Granting the Concordat
cum originali," regarding
requirements of format and other details of published liturgical books.
B. Other Liturgical Publications
"other liturgical publications," has been adopted to cover editions of the
contents of the above approved books in forms which are not primarily or
directly intended for the use of the celebrant and ministers during the actual
celebration or as "participation aids" for congregations.Study editions useful in preparation for rites,
home or school editions, such as hand missals or other publications which
incorporate an entire rite are included in this category of texts iuxta typicam.Because such publications are offered to the
public as editions containing an entire rite, and because on occasion such
books may be employed in place of approved liturgical books, publishers are
expected to follow these guidelines.
should provide the Committee on Divine Worship with complete information
concerning such projected publications.This should include a definitive outline of the contents and the name of
the local Ordinary of the place where the work is to be published.It is the local Ordinary who, in accord with
canon 826 §2 of the Code of Canon Law,
grants the imprimatur.
complete manuscript or first galley proofs should be submitted promptly to the
Committee, which will communicate any corrections, observations, and the like.
liturgical texts, upon examination, have been found to be in conformity with
the typical edition, the Committee on Divine Worship will inform the publisher
and the appropriate local Ordinary.
publications may include a notice that the liturgical texts and rites have been
approved and confirmed, but not that the publication itself has been authorized
or approved by the Committee on Divine Worship.
publication of study editions, excerpted portions, and the like must not
jeopardize the introduction or use of approved books, after consultation with
the concerned publishers, dates of publication and distribution will be set by
the Committee on Divine Worship.
of such publications are to be sent to the Secretariat.
C. Participation Materials
Most Reverend Arthur J. Serratelli
such as hymnals and popular participation aids which promote and facilitate
participation of the people in the liturgy by providing the necessary texts and
music to fulfill their active role are included in this third category of texts
iuxta typicam. Participation materials of this kind are
distinct from the approved liturgical books used by the ministers of the
liturgy. Because of the impact of such
materials upon liturgical celebration, publishers of participation aids are
asked to observe the following guidelines.In addition, publishers of participation aids are to observe the special
requirements noted in "Appendix II: Guidelines for Publication of Participation
Aids," also approved by the Committee on Divine Worship of the United States
Conference of Catholic Bishops.
liturgical texts, including future revisions of existing liturgical texts, will
be supplied by the Committee on Divine Worship to all interested publishers of
participation aids in such a way and time so as not to jeopardize the
introduction and use of the approved liturgical book.
- At times
the Committee on Divine Worship will provide not only the approved liturgical
texts but also a suggested format for popular publications.The latter may include such elements as
subheads, running directions or commentary, suggested introductory material, indications
of needed supplementary material such as song texts, etc.However, it is most
desirable that such supplementary material be prepared by editors and
reformed liturgy offers a variety of options, encourages ministerial
creativity, and at times admits a diversity of forms.The participation aid should be so designed
as not to establish, once and for all, a single or rigid pattern of liturgical
arrangement or selection of liturgical texts must not result in the suppression
of alternatives and options for the congregation (or for the celebrant and
other ministers, as applicable).When a
difficulty arises, namely, when the number of options is large, the selection
of the minimal options to be included will be made by the Committee on Divine
Worship, which should be consulted beforehand.The publisher does not have the authority to make unilateral selection
of liturgical texts among the options available.
settings should be provided within participation aids.If the aid is to be used over an extended
period or by various groups, the music should be arranged in such a way as not
to limit other suitable musical selections.
of popular publications are asked to submit to the Committee on Divine Worship
completed manuscripts or at least page proofs of all new publications, together
with the name of the ecclesiastical authority from which permission to publish
will be sought.These proofs or
manuscripts are in addition to those required by copyright holders whose
requirements must also be met by publishers.
Committee on Divine Worship will return the manuscripts or proofs to the
publishers with a report of (a) corrections to be made because of errors in the
texts and/or rites, and (b) indications of corrections needed because of
inadequacies, unsatisfactory commentary, or the like.Copies of the report will be sent to the
appropriate ecclesiastical authority and the copyright holders of texts.
- Only in the
case of error or violation of the approved form of texts or rites will ICEL or
other proprietors of copyrighted texts be asked by the Committee on Divine
Worship to withhold license to publish.In all other cases the determination will continue to be made by the
local ecclesiastical authority.
are reminded of the need of copyright permissions for the publication of
participation aids.This refers not only
to the English translation of the various texts but also to all musical
compositions and settings.
- The local
Ordinary, in accord with canon 826 §2 of the Code of Canon Law, grants the imprimatur.
- See Appendix II: Guidelines for the Publication of
Participation Aids, regarding specific requirements for formatting, texts, and
Bishop of Paterson
Chairman, Committee on Divine Worship
Rev. Msgr. Anthony F. Sherman
Executive Director, Secretariat of Divine Worship
April 23, 2009