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scripture

 

CHAPTER 29

On New Year’s Day. 1In the seventh month on the first day* you will declare a holy day, and do no heavy work; it shall be a day on which you sound the trumpet.a 2You will offer a burnt offering for a pleasing aroma to the LORD: one bull of the herd, one ram, and seven unblemished yearling lambs. 3Their grain offerings will be of bran flour mixed with oil: three tenths of an ephah for the bull, two tenths for the ram, 4and one tenth for each of the seven lambs. 5One goat will be a purification offering to make atonement for yourselves. 6These are in addition to the burnt offering for the new moon with its grain offering, and in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, together with the libations prescribed for them, for a pleasing aroma, an oblation to the LORD.

On the Day of Atonement. 7On the tenth day of this seventh month* you will declare a holy day, humble yourselves, and do no sort of work.b 8You will offer a burnt offering to the LORD, a pleasing aroma: one bull of the herd, one ram, and seven yearling lambs that you are sure are unblemished. 9Their grain offerings of bran flour mixed with oil: three tenths of an ephah for the bull, two tenths for the one ram, 10and one tenth for each of the seven lambs. 11One goat will be a purification offering. These are in addition to the purification offering for purging,* the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, and their libations.

On the Feast of Booths. 12* On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you will declare a holy day:c you shall do no heavy work. For the following seven days you will celebrate a pilgrimage feast to the LORD. 13You will offer a burnt offering, an oblation of pleasing aroma to the LORD: thirteen bulls* of the herd, two rams, and fourteen yearling lambs that are unblemished. 14Their grain offerings will be of bran flour mixed with oil: three tenths of an ephah for each of the thirteen bulls, two tenths for each of the two rams, 15and one tenth for each of the fourteen lambs. 16One goat will be a purification offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and libation.

17On the second day: twelve bulls of the herd, two rams, and fourteen unblemished yearling lambs, 18with the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 19as well as one goat as a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and libation.

20On the third day: eleven bulls, two rams, and fourteen unblemished yearling lambs, 21with the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 22as well as one goat for a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and libation.

23On the fourth day: ten bulls, two rams, and fourteen unblemished yearling lambs, 24the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 25as well as one goat as a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and libation.

26On the fifth day: nine bulls, two rams, and fourteen unblemished yearling lambs, 27d with the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 28as well as one goat as a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and libation.

29On the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, and fourteen unblemished yearling lambs, 30with the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 31as well as one goat as a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and libation.

32On the seventh day: seven bulls, two rams, and fourteen unblemished yearling lambs, 33with the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 34as well as one goat as a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and libation.

35On the eighth daye you will hold a public assembly:* you shall do no heavy work. 36You will offer a burnt offering, an oblation of pleasing aroma to the LORD: one bull, one ram, and seven unblemished yearling lambs, 37with the grain offerings and libations for the bulls, rams and lambs in their prescribed number, 38as well as one goat as a purification offering, besides the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and libation.

39These are the offerings you will make to the LORD on your festivals, besides your votive or voluntary offerings of burnt offerings, grain offerings, libations, and communion offerings.

* [29:1] In the seventh month on the first day: (about September–October) now the Jewish New Year’s Day. In the older calendar the year began with the first of Nisan (March–April), which is still known as the first month; cf. Ex 12:2.

* [29:7] The tenth day of this seventh month: the Day of Atonement. Humble yourselves: that is, with fasting.

* [29:11] The purification offering for purging: the bull prescribed in Lv 16:1112 for the purging of the tent sanctuary.

* [29:12] This feast of Booths (Tabernacles or Sukkot) celebrating the vintage harvest was the most popular of all and therefore had the most elaborate ritual. See note on Lv 23:34.

* [29:13] Thirteen bulls: the number of bulls sacrificed before the octave day was seventy, arranged on a descending scale so that the number on the seventh day was the sacred number seven.

* [29:35] A public assembly: the Hebrew word is the technical term for the closing celebration of the three major feasts of the Passover, Pentecost and Booths, or of other special feasts that lasted for a week. Cf. Lv 23:36; Dt 16:8; 2 Chr 7:9; Neh 8:18.

a. [29:1] Nm 10:10; Lv 23:24.

b. [29:7] Lv 16:29; 23:2728, 32.

c. [29:12] Lv 23:3435.

d. [29:27] Nm 29:30, 37.

e. [29:35] Lv 23:36; Jn 7:37.






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