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The reception of the Holy Oils may take place in individual parishes either before the celebration of the Evening Mass of the Lord's Supper or at another time that seems more appropriate. (Roman Missal, Chrism Mass, no. 15)
In 1989, the Holy See confirmed a ritual text for the reception of the holy oils for optional use in the dioceses of the United States, allowing for the reception to take place during the procession of the gifts at the Holy Thursday Mass of the Lord's Supper or on another suitable day. The Roman Missal, Third Edition, implemented in 2011, introduces a new rubric at the conclusion of the Chrism Mass. The first option for the reception of the holy oils is before the Mass begins, but according to pastoral necessity and any guidelines of the diocesan Bishop, "another time that seems more appropriate" could also include the offertory procession (as in the original ritual) or perhaps before the Penitential Act.
The original text of the Reception of the Holy Oils is still in force as an optional rite in the United States. As indicated in its introduction, the text may be adapted as needed. Whether or not a formal reception of the oils is celebrated, the pastor may wish to acknowledge the presence of the newly received holy oils as a sign of unity with the Bishop and the diocesan Church.
It is appropriate that the Oil of the Sick, the Oil of Catechumens, and the holy Chrism, which are blessed by the Bishop during the Chrism Mass, be presented to and received by the local parish community.
The reception of the holy oils may take place at the Mass of the Lord's Supper on Holy Thursday or on another day after the celebration of the Chrism Mass.
The oils should be reserved in a suitable repository in the sanctuary or near the baptismal font.
The oils, in suitable vessels, are carried in the procession of the gifts, before the bread and wine, by members of the assembly.
The oils are received by the Priest and are then placed on a suitably prepared table in the sanctuary or in the repository where they will be reserved.
As each of the oils is presented, the following or other words may be used to explain the significance of the particular oil.
The people's response may be sung.
The Oil of the Sick.Priest:
May the sick who are anointed with this oilThe people may respond:
experience the compassion of Christ and his saving love,
in body and soul.
Blessed be God for ever.
The Oil of Catechumens.Priest:
Through anointing with this oil, may our catechumensThe people may respond:
who are preparing to receive the saving waters of Baptism
be strengthened by Christ to resist the power of Satan
and reject evil in all its forms.
Blessed be God for ever.Presenter of the Holy Chrism:
The holy Chrism.Priest:
Through anointing with this perfumed ChrismThe people may respond:
may children and adults, who are baptized and confirmed,
and Priests, who are ordained,
experience the gracious gift of the Holy Spirit.
Blessed be God for ever.The bread and wine for the Eucharist are then received and the Mass continues in the usual way.
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