Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 101 woman becomes subject to tensions, their relations henceforth marked by lust and domination. 282 Harmony with creation is broken: visible creation has become alien and hostile to man. 283 Because of man, creation is now subject “to its bondage to de- cay.” 284 Finally, the consequence explicitly foretold for this disobe- dience will come true: man will “return to the ground,” 285 for out of it he was taken. Death makes its entrance into human history. 286 401 After that first sin, the world is virtually inundated by sin. There is Cain’s murder of his brother Abel and the universal corruption which follows in the wake of sin. Likewise, sin fre- quently manifests itself in the history of Israel, especially as infi- delity to the God of the Covenant and as transgression of the Law of Moses. And even after Christ’s atonement, sin raises its head in countless ways among Christians. 287 Scripture and the Church’s Tradition continually recall the presence and universality of sin in man’s history: What Revelation makes known to us is confirmed by our own experience. For when man looks into his own heart he finds that he is drawn toward what is wrong and sunk in many evils which cannot come from his good creator. Often refusing to acknowledge God as his source, man has also upset the relationship which should link him to his last end; and at the same time he has broken the right order that should reign within himself as well as between himself and other men and all creatures. 288 The consequences of Adam’s sin for humanity 402 All men are implicated inAdam’s sin, as St. Paul affirms: “By one man’s disobedience many [that is, all men] were made sinners”: “sin came into the world through oneman and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all men sinned. . . .” 289 TheApostle contrasts the universality of sin and death with the universality of salvation in Christ. “Then as one man’s trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one man’s act of righteousness leads to acquittal and life for all men.” 290 282 Cf. Gen 3:7-16. 283 Cf. Gen 3:17, 19. 284 Rom 8:21. 285 Gen 3:19; cf. 2:17. 286 Cf. Rom 5:12. 287 Cf. Gen 4:3-15; 6:5, 12; Rom 1:18-32; 1 Cor 1-6; Rev 2-3. 288 GS 13 § 1. 289 Rom 5:12, 19. 290 Rom 5:18. 1865 2259 1739 430, 605