Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 103 help of God’s grace, lead a morally good life; he thus reduced the influence of Adam’s fault to bad example. The first Protestant reformers, on the contrary, taught that original sin has radically perverted man and de- stroyed his freedom; they identified the sin inherited by each man with the tendency to evil (concupiscentia), which would be insurmountable. The Church pronounced on the meaning of the data of Revelation on original sin especially at the second Council of Orange (529) 296 and at the Council of Trent (1546). 297 A hard battle . . . 407 The doctrine of original sin, closely connected with that of redemption by Christ, provides lucid discernment of man’s situ­ ation and activity in the world. By our first parents’ sin, the devil has acquired a certain domination over man, even though man remains free. Original sin entails “captivity under the power of him who thenceforth had the power of death, that is, the devil.” 298 Ignorance of the fact that man has a wounded nature inclined to evil gives rise to serious errors in the areas of education, politics, social action, 299 and morals. 408 The consequences of original sin and of all men’s personal sins put theworld as awhole in the sinful condition aptly described in St. John’s expression, “the sin of the world.” 300 This expression can also refer to the negative influence exerted on people by communal situations and social structures that are the fruit of men’s sins. 301 409 This dramatic situation of “the whole world [which] is in the power of the evil one” 302 makes man’s life a battle: The whole of man’s history has been the story of dour combat with the powers of evil, stretching, so our Lord tells us, from the very dawn of history until the last day. Finding himself in the midst of the battlefield man has to struggle to do what is right, and it is at great cost to himself, and aided by God’s grace, that he succeeds in achieving his own inner integrity. 303 296 DS 371-372. 297 Cf. DS 1510-1516. 298 Council of Trent (1546): DS 1511; cf. Heb 2:14. 299 Cf. John Paul II, CA 25. 300 Jn 1:29. 301 Cf. John Paul II, RP 16. 302 1 Jn 5:19; cf. 1 Pet 5:8. 303 GS 37 § 2. 2015 2852 1888 1865 2516