Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 105 plan. Their choice against God is definitive. They try to associate man in their revolt against God. 415 “Although set by God in a state of rectitude, man, enticed by the evil one, abused his freedom at the very start of history. He lifted himself up against God and sought to attain his goal apart from him” ( GS 13 § 1). 416 By his sin Adam, as the first man, lost the original holiness and justice he had received from God, not only for himself but for all human beings. 417 Adam and Eve transmitted to their descendants hu- man nature wounded by their own first sin and hence deprived of original holiness and justice; this depriva­ tion is called “original sin.” 418 As a result of original sin, human nature is weakened in its powers; subject to ignorance, suffering, and the domination of death; and inclined to sin (This inclina- tion is called “concupiscence.”). 419 “We therefore hold, with the Council of Trent, that original sin is transmitted with human nature, ‘by propagation, not by imitation’ and that it is . . . ‘proper to each’” (Paul VI, CPG § 16). 420 The victory that Christ won over sin has given us greater blessings than those which sin had taken from us: “where sin increased, grace abounded all the more” ( Rom 5:20). 421 Christians believe that “theworldhas been established and kept in being by the Creator’s love; has fallen into slavery to sin but has been set free by Christ, crucified and risen to break the power of the evil one . . .” ( GS 2 § 2).