Catechism of the Catholic Church

112 Part One be the center of the apostolic faith, first professed by Peter as the Church’s foundation. 49 443 Peter could recognize the transcendent character of theMes­ siah’s divine sonship because Jesus had clearly allowed it to be so understood. To his accusers’ question before the Sanhedrin, “Are you the Son of God, then?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am.” 50 Well before this, Jesus referred to himself as “the Son” who knows the Father, as distinct from the “servants” God had earlier sent to his people; he is superior even to the angels. 51 He distinguished his sonship from that of his disciples by never saying “our Father,” except to command them: “You, then, pray like this: ‘Our Father,’” and he emphasized this distinction, saying “my Father and your Father.” 52 444 The Gospels report that at two solemn moments, the Bap- tism and the Transfiguration of Christ, the voice of the Father designates Jesus his “beloved Son.” 53 Jesus calls himself the “only Son of God,” and by this title affirms his eternal preexistence. 54 He asks for faith in “the name of the only Son of God.” 55 In the centurion’s exclamation before the crucified Christ, “Truly this man was the Son of God,” 56 that Christian confession is already heard. Only in the Paschal mystery can the believer give the title “Son of God” its full meaning. 445 After his Resurrection, Jesus’ divine sonship becomes manifest in the power of his glorified humanity. He was “desig- nated Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his Resurrection from the dead.” 57 The apostles can confess: “We have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.” 58 IV. L ord 446 In the Greek translation of the Old Testament, the ineffable Hebrew name Yhwh , by which God revealed himself to Moses, 59 is 49 Cf. 1 Thess 1:10; Jn 20:31; Mt 16:18 50 Lk 22:70; cf. Mt 26:64; Mk 14:61-62. 51 Cf. Mt 11:27; 21:34-38; 24:36. 52 Mt 5:48; 6:8-9; 7:21; Lk 11:13; Jn 20:17. 53 Cf. Mt 3:17; cf. Mt 17:5. 54 Jn 3:16; cf. 10:36. 55 Jn 3:18. 56 Mk 15:39. 57 Rom 1:3; cf. Acts 13:33. 58 Jn 1:14. 59 Cf. Ex 3:14. 2786 536, 554 653 209