Catechism of the Catholic Church

122 Part One Paragraph 2. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit, Born of theVirgin Mary I. W ho W as C onceived by the H oly S pirit , 484 The Annunciation to Mary inaugurates “the fullness of time,” 119 the time of the fulfillment of God’s promises and prepa- rations. Mary was invited to conceive him in whom the “whole fullness of deity” would dwell “bodily.” 120 The divine response to her question, “How can this be, since I know not man?” was given by the power of the Spirit: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you.” 121 485 The mission of the Holy Spirit is always conjoined and ordered to that of the Son. 122 The Holy Spirit, “the Lord, the giver of life,” is sent to sanctify the womb of the Virgin Mary and divinely fecundate it, causing her to conceive the eternal Son of the Father in a humanity drawn from her own. 486 The Father’s only Son, conceived as man in the womb of the Virgin Mary, is “Christ,” that is to say, anointed by the Holy Spirit, from the beginning of his human existence, though the manifestation of this fact takes place only progressively: to the shepherds, to the magi, to John the Baptist, to the disciples. 123 Thus the whole life of Jesus Christ will make manifest “how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power.” 124 II. B orn of the V irgin M ary 487 What the Catholic faith believes about Mary is based on what it believes about Christ, and what it teaches about Mary illumines in turn its faith in Christ. Mary’s predestination 488 “God sent forth his Son,” but to prepare a body for him, 125 he wanted the free cooperation of a creature. For this, from all 119 Gal 4:4. 120 Col 2:9. 121 Lk 1:34-35 (Gk.). 122 Cf. Jn 16:14-15. 123 Cf. Mt 1:20; 2:1-12; Lk 1:35; 2:8-20; Jn 1:31-34; 2:11. 124 Acts 10:38. 125 Gal 4:4; Heb 10:5. 461 721 689, 723 437 963