Catechism of the Catholic Church

134 Part One of the patriarchs,” and acquires Israelitica dignitas 215 (“the dignity of Israel’s birthright”). 529 The presentation of Jesus in the temple shows him to be the firstborn Son who belongs to the Lord. 216 With Simeon and Anna, all Israel awaits its encounter with the Savior—the name given to this event in the Byzantine tradition. Jesus is recognized as the long-expected Messiah, the “light to the nations” and the “glory of Israel,” but also “a sign that is spoken against.” The sword of sorrow predicted for Mary announces Christ’s perfect and unique oblation on the cross that will impart the salvation God had “pre- pared in the presence of all peoples.” 530 The flight into Egypt and the massacre of the innocents 217 make manifest the opposition of darkness to the light: “He came to his own home, and his own people received him not.” 218 Christ’s whole life was lived under the sign of persecution. His own share it with him. 219 Jesus’ departure from Egypt recalls the exodus and presents him as the definitive liberator of God’s people. 220 The mysteries of Jesus’ hidden life 531 During the greater part of his life Jesus shared the condi- tion of the vast majority of human beings: a daily life spent without evident greatness, a life of manual labor. His religious life was that of a Jew obedient to the law of God, 221 a life in the community. From this whole period it is revealed to us that Jesus was “obedi- ent” to his parents and that he “increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favor with God and man.” 222 532 Jesus’ obedience to his mother and legal father fulfills the fourth commandment perfectly and was the temporal image of his filial obedience to his Father in heaven. The everyday obedience of Jesus to Joseph and Mary both announced and anticipated the obedience of Holy Thursday: “Not my will. . . .” 223 The obedience of Christ in the daily routine of his hidden life was already inaugu­ 215 St. Leo the Great, Sermo 3 in epiphania Domini 1-3,5: PL 54, 242; LH, Epiphany, OR ; Roman Missal, Easter Vigil 26, Prayer after the third reading. 216 Cf. Lk 2:22-39; Ex 13:2, 12-13. 217 Cf. Mt 2:13-18. 218 Jn 1:11. 219 Cf. Jn 15:20. 220 Cf. Mt 2:15; Hos 11:1. 221 Cf. Gal 4:4. 222 Lk 2:51-52. 223 Lk 22:42. 583 439 614 574 2427 2214-2220 612