Catechism of the Catholic Church

142 Part One 553 Jesus entrusted a specific authority to Peter: “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” 287 The “power of the keys” designates authority to govern the house of God, which is the Church. Jesus, theGood Shepherd, confirmed thismandate after his Resurrection: “Feed my sheep.” 288 The power to “bind and loose” connotes the authority to absolve sins, to pronounce doctrinal judgments, and to make disciplinary decisions in the Church. Jesus entrusted this authority to the Church through the ministry of the apostles 289 and in particular through the ministry of Peter, the only one to whom he specifically entrusted the keys of the kingdom. A foretaste of the Kingdom: the Transfiguration 554 From the day Peter confessed that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, the Master “began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things . . . and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” 290 Peter scorns this prediction, nor do the others understand it any better than he. 291 In this context the mysterious episode of Jesus’ Transfiguration takes place on a high mountain, 292 before three witnesses chosen by himself: Peter, James, and John. Jesus’ face and clothes become dazzling with light, and Moses and Elijah appear, speaking “of his departure, which he was to accomplish at Jerusalem.” 293 A cloud covers him and a voice from heaven says: “This is my Son, my Chosen; listen to him!” 294 555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter’s confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to “enter into his glory.” 295 Moses and Elijah had seen God’s glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah’s sufferings. 296 Christ’s Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God’s servant; 297 the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. “The 287 Mt 16:19. 288 Jn 21:15-17; cf. 10:11. 289 Cf. Mt 18:18. 290 Mt 16:21. 291 Cf. Mt 16:22-23; Mt 17:23; Lk 9:45. 292 Cf. Mt 17:1-8 and parallels; 2 Pet 1:16-18. 293 Lk 9:31. 294 Lk 9:35. 295 Lk 24:26. 296 Cf. Lk 24:27. 297 Cf. Isa 42:1. 881 1445 641, 881 697, 2600 440 2576, 2583 257