Catechism of the Catholic Church

144 Part One Jesus’ ascent to Jerusalem 557 “When the days drew near for him to be taken up [Jesus] set his face to go to Jerusalem.” 304 By this decision he indicated that he was going up to Jerusalem prepared to die there. Three times he had announced his Passion and Resurrection; now, heading to- ward Jerusalem, Jesus says: “It cannot be that a prophet should perish away from Jerusalem.” 305 558 Jesus recalls the martyrdom of the prophets who had been put to death in Jerusalem. Nevertheless he persists in calling Jeru­ salem to gather around him: “How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not!” 306 When Jerusalem comes into view he weeps over her and expresses once again his heart’s desire: “Would that even today you knew the things that make for peace! But now they are hid from your eyes.” 307 Jesus’ messianic entrance into Jerusalem 559 How will Jerusalem welcome her Messiah? Although Je- sus had always refused popular attempts to make him king, he chooses the time and prepares the details for his messianic entry into the city of “his father David.” 308 Acclaimed as son of David, as the one who brings salvation ( Hosanna means “Save!” or “Give salvation!”), the “King of glory” enters his City “riding on an ass.” 309 Jesus conquers the Daughter of Zion, a figure of his Church, neither by ruse nor by violence, but by the humility that bears witness to the truth. 310 And so the subjects of his kingdom on that day are children and God’s poor, who acclaim him as had the angels when they announced him to the shepherds. 311 Their acclamation, “Blessed be he who comes in the name of the Lord ,” 312 is taken up by the Church in the “ Sanctus ” of the Eu- charistic liturgy that introduces the memorial of the Lord’s Passover. 304 Lk 9:51; cf. Jn 13:1. 305 Lk 13:33; cf. Mk 8:31-33; 9:31-32; 10:32-34. 306 Mt 23:37. 307 Lk 19:41-42. 308 Lk 1:32; cf. Mt 21:1-11; Jn 6:15. 309 Ps 24:7-10; Zech 9:9. 310 Cf. Jn 18:37. 311 Cf. Mt 21:15-16; cf. Ps 8:3; Lk 19:38; 2:14. 312 Cf. Ps 118:26. 333 1352