Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 149 justice.” 338 Jesus fulfills the Law to the point of taking upon himself “the curse of the Law” incurred by those who do not “abide by the things written in the book of the Law, and do them,” for his death took place to redeem them “from the transgressions under the first covenant.” 339 581 The Jewish people and their spiritual leaders viewed Jesus as a rabbi. 340 He often argued within the framework of rabbinical interpreta- tion of the Law. 341 Yet Jesus could not help but offend the teachers of the Law, for he was not content to propose his interpretation alongside theirs but taught the people “as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.” 342 In Jesus, the same Word of God, that had resounded onMount Sinai to give the written Law to Moses, made itself heard anew on the Mount of the Beatitudes. 343 Jesus did not abolish the Law but fulfilled it by giving its ultimate interpretation in a divine way: “You have heard that it was said to the men of old . . . . But I say to you. . . .” 344 With this same divine authority, he disavowed certain human traditions of the Pharisees that were “making void the word of God.” 345 582 Going even further, Jesus perfects the dietary law, so impor­ tant in Jewish daily life, by revealing its pedagogical meaning through a divine interpretation: “Whatever goes into a man from outside cannot defile him . . . (Thus he declared all foods clean.). What comes out of a man is what defiles a man. For from within, out of the heart of man, come evil thoughts. . . .” 346 In presenting with divine authority the definitive interpretation of the Law, Jesus found himself confronted by certain teachers of the Law who did not accept his interpretation of the Law, guaranteed though it was by the divine signs that accompanied it. 347 This was the case especially with the sabbath laws, for he recalls often with rabbinical arguments, that the sabbath rest is not violated by serving God and neighbor, 348 which his own healings did. II. J esus and the T emple 583 Like the prophets before him Jesus expressed the deepest respect for the Temple in Jerusalem. It was in the Temple that Joseph and Mary presented him forty days after his birth. 349 At the age of twelve he decided to remain in the Temple to remind his 338 Jer 31:33; Isa 42:3, 6. 339 Gal 3:13; 3:10; Heb 9:15. 340 Cf. Jn 11:28; 3:2; Mt 22:23-24, 34-36. 341 Cf. Mt 12:5; 9:12; Mk 2:23-27; Lk 6:6-9; Jn 7:22-23. 342 Mt 7:28-29. 343 Cf. Mt 5:1. 344 Mt 5:33-34. 345 Mk 7:13; cf. 3:8. 346 Mk 7:18-21; cf. Gal 3:24. 347 Cf. Jn 5:36; 10:25, 37-38; 12:37. 348 Cf. Num 28:9; Mt 12:5; Mk 2:25-27; Lk 13:15-16; 14:3-4; Jn 7:22-24. 349 Lk 2:22-39. 2054 368 548 2173 529 534