Catechism of the Catholic Church

156 Part One “For our sake God made him to be sin” 602 Consequently, St. Peter can formulate the apostolic faith in the divine plan of salvation in this way: “You were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your fathers . . . with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. He was destined before the foundation of theworld but wasmademanifest at the end of the times for your sake.” 402 Man’s sins, following on original sin, are punishable by death. 403 By sending his own Son in the form of a slave, in the form of a fallen humanity, on account of sin, God “made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” 404 603 Jesus did not experience reprobation as if he himself had sinned. 405 But in the redeeming love that always united him to the Father, he assumed us in the state of our waywardness of sin, to the point that he could say in our name from the cross: “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” 406 Having thus established him in solidarity with us sinners, God “did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all,” so that we might be “reconciled to God by the death of his Son.” 407 God takes the initiative of universal redeeming love 604 By giving up his own Son for our sins, Godmanifests that his plan for us is one of benevolent love, prior to any merit on our part: “In this is love, not that we loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the expiation for our sins.” 408 God “shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us.” 409 605 At the end of the parable of the lost sheep Jesus recalled that God’s love excludes no one: “So it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.” 410 He affirms that he came “to give his life as a ransom for many”; this last term is not restrictive, but contrasts the whole of humanity with the unique person of the redeemer who hands himself over to save 402 1 Pet 1:18-20. 403 Cf. Rom 5:12; 1 Cor 15:56. 404 2 Cor 5:21; cf. Phil 2:7; Rom 8:3. 405 Cf. Jn 8:46. 406 Mk 15:34; Ps 22:2; cf. Jn 8:29. 407 Rom 8:32, 5:10. 408 1 Jn 4:10; 4:19. 409 Rom 5:8. 410 Mt 18:14. 400 519 2572 211, 2009 1825 402