Catechism of the Catholic Church

158 Part One reveals that Jesus is at the same time the suffering Servant who silently allows himself to be led to the slaughter and who bears the sin of the multitudes, andalso the Paschal Lamb, the symbol of Israel’s redemp­ tion at the first Passover. 423 Christ’s whole life expresses his mission: “to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many.” 424 Jesus freely embraced the Father’s redeeming love 609 By embracing in his human heart the Father’s love for men, Jesus “loved them to the end,” for “greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.” 425 In suffering and death his humanity became the free and perfect instrument of his divine love which desires the salvation of men. 426 Indeed, out of love for his Father and for men, whom the Father wants to save, Jesus freely accepted his Passion and death: “No one takes [my life] from me, but I lay it down of my own accord.” 427 Hence the sovereign freedom of God’s Son as he went out to his death. 428 At the Last Supper Jesus anticipated the free offering of his life 610 Jesus gave the supreme expression of his free offering of himself at the meal shared with the twelve Apostles “on the night he was betrayed.” 429 On the eve of his Passion, while still free, Jesus transformed this Last Supper with the apostles into the memorial of his voluntary offering to the Father for the salvation of men: “This is my body which is given for you.” “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.” 430 611 The Eucharist that Christ institutes at that moment will be the memorial of his sacrifice. 431 Jesus includes the apostles in his own offering and bids them perpetuate it. 432 By doing so, the Lord insti­ tutes his apostles as priests of the New Covenant: “For their sakes I sanctify myself, so that they also may be sanctified in truth.” 433 423 Isa 53:7, 12; cf. Jer 11:19; Ex 12:3-14; Jn 19:36; 1 Cor 5:7. 424 Mk 10:45. 425 Jn 13:1; 15:13. 426 Cf. Heb 2:10, 17-18; 4:15; 5:7-9. 427 Jn 10:18. 428 Cf. Jn 18:4-6; Mt 26:53. 429 Roman Missal, EP III, 110; cf. Mt 26:20; 1 Cor 11:23. 430 Lk 22:19; Mt 26:28; cf. 1 Cor 5:7. 431 1 Cor 11:25. 432 Cf. Lk 22:19. 433 Jn 17:19; cf. Council of Trent: DS 1752; 1764. 517 478 515 272, 539 766 1337 1364 1341, 1566