Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 159 The agony at Gethsemani 612 The cup of the New Covenant, which Jesus anticipated when he offered himself at the Last Supper, is afterwards accepted by him from his Father’s hands in his agony in the garden at Gethsemani, 434 making himself “obedient unto death.” Jesus prays: “My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass fromme. . . .” 435 Thus he expresses the horror that death represented for his human nature. Like ours, his human nature is destined for eternal life; but unlike ours, it is perfectly exempt from sin, the cause of death. 436 Above all, his human nature has been assumed by the divine person of the “Author of life,” the “LivingOne.” 437 By accepting in his human will that theFather’swill bedone, heacceptshisdeathas redemptive, for “he himself bore our sins in his body on the tree.” 438 Christ’s death is the unique and definitive sacrifice 613 Christ’s death is both the Paschal sacrifice that accomplishes the definitive redemption of men, through “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world,” 439 and the sacrifice of the New Covenant, which restores man to communion with God by recon- ciling him to God through the “blood of the covenant, which was poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.” 440 614 This sacrifice of Christ is unique; it completes and sur- passes all other sacrifices. 441 First, it is a gift from God the Father himself, for the Father handed his Son over to sinners in order to reconcile us with himself. At the same time it is the offering of the Son of God made man, who in freedom and love offered his life to his Father through the Holy Spirit in reparation for our disobedi- ence. 442 434 Cf. Mt 26:42; Lk 22:20. 435 Phil 2:8; Mt 26:39; cf. Heb 5:7-8. 436 Cf. Rom 5:12; Heb 4:15. 437 Cf. Acts 3:15; Rev 1:17; Jn 1:4; 5:26. 438 1 Pet 2:24; cf. Mt 26:42. 439 Jn 1:29; cf. 8:34-36; 1 Cor 5:7; 1 Pet 1:19. 440 Mt 26:28; cf. Ex 24:8; Lev 16:15-16; 1 Cor 11:25. 441 Cf. Heb 10:10. 442 Cf. Jn 10:17-18; 15:13; Heb 9:14; 1 Jn 4:10. 532, 2600 1009 1366 2009 529, 1330 2100