Catechism of the Catholic Church

166 Part One Paragraph 2. On theThird Day He Rose Again from the Dead 638 “We bring you the good news that what God promised to the fathers, this day he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Je- sus.” 489 The Resurrection of Jesus is the crowning truth of our faith in Christ, a faith believed and lived as the central truth by the first Christian community; handed on as fundamental by Tradition; estab­ lished by the documents of the New Testament; and preached as an essential part of the Paschal mystery along with the cross: Christ is risen from the dead! Dying, he conquered death; To the dead, he has given life. 490 I. T he H istorical and T ranscendent E vent 639 The mystery of Christ’s resurrection is a real event, with manifestations that were historically verified, as the New Testa- ment bears witness. In about a.d. 56, St. Paul could already write to the Corinthians: “I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, and that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the Twelve . . .” 491 Apostle speaks here of the living tradition of the Resurrection which he had learned after his conversion at the gates of Damascus. 492 The empty tomb 640 “Why do you seek the living among the dead? He is not here, but has risen.” 493 The first element we encounter in the framework of the Easter events is the empty tomb. In itself it is not a direct proof of Resurrection; the absence of Christ’s body from the tomb could be explained otherwise. 494 Nonetheless the empty tomb was still an essential sign for all. Its discovery by the disciples was the first step toward recognizing the very fact of the Resurrec- tion. This was the case, first with the holy women, and then with Peter. 495 The disciple “whom Jesus loved” affirmed that when he 489 Acts 13:32-33. 490 Byzantine Liturgy, Troparion of Easter. 491 1 Cor 15:3-4. 492 Cf. Acts 9:3-18. 493 Lk 24:5-6. 494 Cf. Jn 20:13; Mt 28:11-15. 495 Cf. Lk 24:3, 12, 22-23. 90 651 991