Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 183 693 Besides the proper name of “Holy Spirit,” which is most frequently used in the Acts of the Apostles and in the Epistles, we also find in St. Paul the titles: the Spirit of the promise, 21 the Spirit of adoption, 22 the Spirit of Christ, 23 the Spirit of the Lord, 24 and the Spirit of God 25 —and, in St. Peter, the Spirit of glory. 26 Symbols of the Holy Spirit 694 Water. The symbolism of water signifies the Holy Spirit’s action in Baptism, since after the invocation of the Holy Spirit it becomes the efficacious sacramental sign of new birth: just as the gestation of our first birth took place in water, so the water of Baptism truly signifies that our birth into the divine life is given to us in the Holy Spirit. As “by one Spirit we were all baptized,” so we are also “made to drink of one Spirit.” 27 Thus the Spirit is also personally the living water welling up from Christ crucified 28 as its source and welling up in us to eternal life. 29 695 Anointing. The symbolism of anointing with oil also signifies the Holy Spirit, 30 to the point of becoming a synonym for the Holy Spirit. In Christian initiation, anointing is the sacramental sign of Confirmation, called “chrismation” in the Churches of the East. Its full force can be grasped only in relation to the primary anointing accomplished by the Holy Spirit, that of Jesus. Christ (in Hebrew “ messiah ”) means the one “anointed” by God’s Spirit. There were several anointed ones of the Lord in the Old Covenant, pre-eminently King David. 31 But Jesus is God’s Anointed in a unique way: the humanity the Son assumed was entirely anointed by the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit established him as “Christ.” 32 The VirginMary conceived Christ by the Holy Spirit who, through the angel, proclaimed him the Christ at his birth, and prompted Simeon to come to the temple to see the Christ of the Lord. 33 The Spirit filled Christ and the power of the Spirit went out from him in his acts of healing and of saving. 34 Finally, it was the Spirit who raised Jesus from the dead. 35 Now, fully established as “Christ” in his humanity victorious over death, Jesus pours out the Holy Spirit abundantly until “the saints” constitute—in their union with the humanity of the Son of God—that perfect man “to themeasure of the stature of the fullness of Christ”: 36 “the whole Christ,” in St. Augustine’s expression. 21 Cf. Gal 3:14; Eph 1:13. 22 Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6. 23 Rom 8:9. 24 2 Cor 3:17. 25 Rom 8:9, 14; 15:19; 1 Cor 6:11; 7:40. 26 1 Pet 4:14. 27 1 Cor 12:13. 28 Jn 19:34; 1 Jn 5:8. 29 Cf. Jn 4:10-14; 7:38; Ex 17:1-6; Isa 55:1; Zech 14:8; 1 Cor 10:4; Rev 21:6; 22:17. 30 Cf. 1 Jn 2:20:27; 2 Cor 1:21. 31 Cf. Ex 30:22-32; 1 Sam 16:13. 32 Cf. Lk 4:18-19; Isa 61:1. 33 Cf. Lk 2:11, 26-27. 34 Cf. Lk 4:1; 6:19; 8:46. 35 Cf. Rom 1:4; 8:11. 36 Eph 4:13; cf. Acts 2:36. 1218 2652 1293 436 1504 794