Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 187 himself will assume that “image” 67 and restore it in the Father’s “likeness” by giving it again its Glory, the Spirit who is “the giver of life.” 706 Against all human hope, God promises descendants to Abraham, as the fruit of faith and of the power of the Holy Spirit. 68 In Abraham’s progeny all the nations of the earth will be blessed. This progeny will be Christ himself, 69 in whom the outpouring of the Holy Spirit will “gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.” 70 God commits himself by his own solemn oath to giving his beloved Son and “the promised Holy Spirit . . . [who is] the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it.” 71 In Theophanies and the Law 707 Theophanies (manifestations of God) light up the way of the promise, from the patriarchs to Moses and from Joshua to the visions that inaugurated the missions of the great prophets. Chris- tian tradition has always recognized that God’s Word allowed himself to be seen and heard in these theophanies, in which the cloud of the Holy Spirit both revealed him and concealed him in its shadow. 708 This divine pedagogy appears especially in the gift of the Law. 72 God gave the Law as a “pedagogue” to lead his people towards Christ. 73 But the Law’s powerlessness to save man de- prived of the divine “likeness,” along with the growing awareness of sin that it imparts, 74 enkindles a desire for the Holy Spirit. The lamentations of the Psalms bear witness to this. In the Kingdom and the Exile 709 The Law, the sign of God’s promise and covenant, ought to have governed the hearts and institutions of that people to whomAbraham’s faith gave birth. “If you will obey my voice and keep my covenant, . . . you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and 67 Cf. Jn 1:14; Phil 2:7. 68 Cf. Gen 18:1-15; Lk 1:26-38; 54-55; Jn 1:12-13; Rom 4:16-21. 69 Cf. Gen 12:3; Gal 3:16. 70 Cf. Jn 11:52. 71 Eph 1:13-14; cf. Gen 22:17-19; Lk 1:73; Jn 3:16; Rom 8:32; Gal 3:14. 72 Cf. Ex 19-20; Deut 1-11; 29-30. 73 Gal 3:24. 74 Cf. Rom 3:20. 60 1961-1964 122 2585 2579 544