Catechism of the Catholic Church

202 Part One formed from the sleeping Adam’s side, so the Church was born from the pierced heart of Christ hanging dead on the cross. 173 The Church—revealed by the Holy Spirit 767 “When the work which the Father gave the Son to do on earth was accomplished, the Holy Spirit was sent on the day of Pentecost in order that he might continually sanctify the Church.” 174 Then “the Church was openly displayed to the crowds and the spread of the Gospel among the nations, through preach- ing, was begun.” 175 As the “convocation” of all men for salvation, the Church in her very nature is missionary, sent by Christ to all the nations to make disciples of them. 176 768 So that she can fulfill her mission, the Holy Spirit “bestows upon [the Church] varied hierarchic and charismatic gifts, and in this way directs her.” 177 “Henceforward the Church, endowed with the gifts of her founder and faithfully observing his precepts of charity, humilityandself-denial, receives themissionof proclaiming and establishing among all peoples the Kingdomof Christ and of God, and she is on earth the seed and the beginning of that kingdom.” 178 The Church—perfected in glory 769 “The Church . . . will receive its perfection only in the glory of heaven,” 179 at the time of Christ’s glorious return. Until that day, “the Church progresses on her pilgrimage amidst this world’s persecutions and God’s consolations.” 180 Here below she knows that she is in exile far from the Lord, and longs for the full coming of the Kingdom, when she will “be united in glory with her king.” 181 The Church, and through her the world, will not be perfected in glory without great trials. Only then will “all the just from the time ofAdam, ‘fromAbel, the just one, to the last of the elect,’ . . . be gathered together in the universal Church in the Father’s presence.” 182 173 Cf. St. Ambrose, In Luc. 2, 85-89: PL 15, 1666-1668. 174 LG 4; cf. Jn 17:4. 175 AG 4. 176 Cf. Mt 28:19-20; AG 2; 5-6. 177 LG 4. 178 LG 5. 179 LG 48. 180 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei, 18, 51: PL 41, 614; cf. LG 8. 181 LG 5; cf. 6; 2 Cor 5:6. 182 LG 2. 731 849 541 671 , 2818 675 1045