Catechism of the Catholic Church

222 Part One Who belongs to the Catholic Church? 836 “All men are called to this catholic unity of the People of God. . . . And to it, in different ways, belong or are ordered: the Catholic faithful, others who believe in Christ, and finally all mankind, called by God’s grace to salvation.” 320 837 “Fully incorporated into the society of the Church are those who, possessing the Spirit of Christ, accept all the means of salvation given to the Church together with her entire organiza- tion, and who—by the bonds constituted by the profession of faith, the sacraments, ecclesiastical government, and communion—are joined in the visible structure of the Church of Christ, who rules her through the Supreme Pontiff and the bishops. Even though incorporated into the Church, one who does not however perse- vere in charity is not saved. He remains indeed in the bosom of the Church, but ‘in body’ not ‘in heart.’” 321 838 “The Church knows that she is joined in many ways to the baptized who are honored by the name of Christian, but do not profess the Catholic faith in its entirety or have not preserved unity or communion under the successor of Peter.” 322 Those “who be- lieve in Christ and have been properly baptized are put in a certain, although imperfect, communion with the Catholic Church.” 323 With the Orthodox Churches, this communion is so profound “that it lacks little to attain the fullness that would permit a common celebration of the Lord’s Eucharist.” 324 The Church and non-Christians 839 “Those who have not yet received the Gospel are related to the People of God in various ways.” 325 The relationship of the Church with the Jewish People. When she delves into her own mystery, the Church, the People of God in the New Covenant, discovers her link with the Jewish People, 326 “to whom the Lord our God spoke first.” 327 The Jewish faith, unlike other non-Christian religions, is already a response to God’s reve- 320 LG 13. 321 LG 14. 322 LG 15. 323 UR 3. 324 Paul VI, Discourse, December 14, 1975; cf. UR 13-18. 325 LG 16. 326 Cf. NA 4. 327 Roman Missal, Good Friday 13: General Intercessions, VI. 831 771 815 882 818 1271 1399 856 63 147