Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Profession of Faith 21 unity as at Babel. 11 But, because of sin, both polytheism and the idolatry of the nation and of its rulers constantly threaten this provisional economy with the perversion of paganism. 12 58 The covenant with Noah remains in force during the times of the Gentiles, until the universal proclamation of the Gospel. 13 The Bible venerates several great figures among the Gentiles: Abel the just, the king-priest Melchizedek—a figure of Christ—and the upright “Noah, Daniel, and Job.” 14 Scripture thus expresses the heights of sanctity that can be reached by those who live according to the covenant of Noah, waiting for Christ to “gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.” 15 God chooses Abraham 59 In order to gather together scattered humanity God calls Abram from his country, his kindred, and his father’s house, 16 and makes himAbraham, that is, “the father of a multitude of nations.” “In you all the nations of the earth shall be blessed.” 17 60 The people descended fromAbrahamwould be the trustees of the promise made to the patriarchs, the chosen people, called to prepare for that daywhen Godwould gather all his children into the unity of theChurch. 18 Theywouldbe the root ontowhich theGentiles would be grafted, once they came to believe. 19 61 The patriarchs, prophets, and certain other Old Testament figures have been and always will be honored as saints in all the Church’s liturgical traditions. God forms his people Israel 62 After the patriarchs, God formed Israel as his people by freeing them from slavery in Egypt. He established with them the covenant of Mount Sinai and, through Moses, gave them his law so that they would recognize him and serve him as the one living 11 Cf. Wis 10:5; Gen 11:4-6. 12 Cf . Rom 1:18-25. 13 Cf. Gen 9:16; Lk 21:24; DV 3. 14 Cf. Gen 14:18; Heb 7:3; Ezek 14:14. 15 Jn 11:52. 16 Gen 12:1. 17 Gen 17:5; 12:3 (LXX); cf. Gal 3:8. 18 Cf. Rom 11:28; Jn 11:52; 10:16. 19 Cf. Rom 11:17-18, 24. 674 2569 145, 2570 760 762, 781 2060, 2574