Catechism of the Catholic Church

292 Part Two 1126 Likewise, since the sacraments express and develop the com- munion of faith in the Church, the lex orandi is one of the essential criteria of the dialogue that seeks to restore the unity of Christians. 47 IV. T he S acraments of S alvation 1127 Celebrated worthily in faith, the sacraments confer the grace that they signify. 48 They are efficacious because in themChrist himself is at work: it is he who baptizes, he who acts in his sacraments in order to communicate the grace that each sacrament signifies. The Father always hears the prayer of his Son’s Church which, in the epiclesis of each sacrament, expresses her faith in the power of the Spirit. As fire transforms into itself everything it touches, so the Holy Spirit transforms into the divine life whatever is subjected to his power. 1128 This is the meaning of the Church’s affirmation 49 that the sacraments act ex opere operato (literally: “by the very fact of the action’s being performed”), i.e., by virtue of the saving work of Christ, accomplished once for all. It follows that “the sacrament is not wrought by the righteousness of either the celebrant or the recipient, but by the power of God.” 50 From the moment that a sacrament is celebrated in accordance with the intention of the Church, the power of Christ and his Spirit acts in and through it, independently of the personal holiness of the minister. Neverthe- less, the fruits of the sacraments also depend on the disposition of the one who receives them. 1129 The Church affirms that for believers the sacraments of the NewCovenant are necessary for salvation. 51 “Sacramental grace” is the graceof theHolySpirit, givenbyChrist andproper toeach sacrament. The Spirit heals and transforms thosewho receive himby conforming them to the Son of God. The fruit of the sacramental life is that the Spirit of adoption makes the faithful partakers in the divine nature 52 by uniting them in a living union with the only Son, the Savior. V. T he S acraments of E ternal L ife 1130 The Church celebrates the mystery of her Lord “until he comes,” when God will be “everything to everyone.” 53 Since the 47 Cf. UR 2; 15. 48 Cf. Council of Trent (1547): DS 1605; DS 1606. 49 Cf. Council of Trent (1547): DS 1608. 50 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh III, 68, 8. 51 Cf. Council of Trent (1547): DS 1604. 52 Cf. 2 Pet 1:4. 53 1 Cor 11:26; 15:28. 815 1084 1105 696 1584 1257 2003 460