Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Celebration of the Christian Mystery 335 II. W hat I s T his S acrament C alled ? 1328 The inexhaustible richness of this sacrament is expressed in the different names we give it. Each name evokes certain aspects of it. It is called: Eucharist, because it is an action of thanksgiving to God. The Greek words eucharistein 141 and eulogein 142 recall the Jewish blessings that proclaim—especially during a meal—God’s works: creation, redemption, and sanctification. 1329 The Lord’s Supper, because of its connection with the supper which the Lord took with his disciples on the eve of his Passion and because it anticipates the wedding feast of the Lamb in the heavenly Jerusalem. 143 The Breaking of Bread, because Jesus used this rite, part of a Jewish meal, when as master of the table he blessed and distrib- uted the bread, 144 above all at the Last Supper. 145 It is by this action that his disciples will recognize him after his Resurrection, 146 and it is this expression that the first Christians will use to designate their Eucharistic assemblies; 147 by doing so they signified that all who eat the one broken bread, Christ, enter into communion with him and form but one body in him. 148 The Eucharistic assembly ( synaxis ), because the Eucharist is celebrated amid the assembly of the faithful, the visible expres- sion of the Church. 149 1330 The memorial of the Lord’s Passion and Resurrection. The Holy Sacrifice, because it makes present the one sacri- fice of Christ the Savior and includes the Church’s offering. The terms holy sacrifice of the Mass, “ sacrifice of praise, ” spiritual sacrifice, pure and holy sacrifice are also used, 150 since it completes and surpasses all the sacrifices of the Old Covenant. The Holy and Divine Liturgy, because the Church’s whole liturgy finds its center and most intense expression in the celebra- tion of this sacrament; in the same sense we also call its celebration the Sacred Mysteries. We speak of the Most Blessed Sacrament because 141 Cf. Lk 22:19; 1 Cor 11:24. 142 Cf. Mt 26:26; Mk 14:22. 143 Cf. 1 Cor 11:20; Rev 19:9. 144 Cf. Mt 14:19; 15:36; Mk 8:6, 19. 145 Cf. Mt 26:26; 1 Cor 11:24. 146 Cf. Lk 24:13-35. 147 Cf. Acts 2:42, 46; 20:7, 11. 148 Cf. 1 Cor 10:16-17. 149 Cf. 1 Cor 11:17-34. 150 Heb 13:15; cf. 1 Pet 2:5; Ps 116:13, 17; Mal 1:11. 2637 1082 1359 1382 790 1348 1341 614 , 2643 1169