Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Celebration of the Christian Mystery 345 1369 The whole Church is united with the offering and intercession of Christ. Since he has the ministry of Peter in the Church, the Pope is associated with every celebration of the Eucharist, wherein he is named as the sign and servant of the unity of the universal Church. The bishop of the place is always responsible for the Eucharist, even when a priest presides; the bishop’s name is mentioned to signify his presidency over the particular Church, in the midst of his presbyterium and with the assistance of deacons. The community intercedes also for all ministers who, for it and with it, offer the Eucharistic sacrifice: Let only that Eucharist be regarded as legitimate, which is celebrated under [the presidency of] the bishop or him to whom he has entrusted it. 191 Through the ministry of priests the spiritual sacrifice of the faithful is completed in union with the sacrifice of Christ the only Mediator, which in the Eucharist is offered through the priests’ hands in the name of thewholeChurch in anunbloody and sacramental manner until the Lord himself comes. 192 1370 To the offering of Christ are united not only the members still here on earth, but also those already in the glory of heaven. In communion with and commemorating the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the saints, the Church offers the Eucharistic sacrifice. In the Eucharist the Church is as it were at the foot of the cross withMary, united with the offering and intercession of Christ. 1371 The Eucharistic sacrifice is also offered for the faithful de­ parted who “have died in Christ but are not yet wholly purified,” 193 so that they may be able to enter into the light and peace of Christ: Put this body anywhere! Don’t trouble yourselves about it! I simply ask you to remember me at the Lord’s altar wher- ever you are. 194 Then, we pray [in the anaphora] for the holy fathers and bishops who have fallen asleep, and in general for all who have fallen asleep before us, in the belief that it is a great benefit to the souls on whose behalf the supplication is offered, while the holy and tremendous Victim is present. . . . By offering to God our supplications for those who have fallen asleep, if they have sinned, we . . . offer Christ sacri- ficed for the sins of all, and so render favorable, for them and for us, the God who loves man. 195 191 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Smyrn. 8:1; SCh 10, 138. 192 PO 2 § 4. 193 Council of Trent (1562): DS 1743. 194 St. Monica, before her death, to her sons, St. Augustine and his brother; Conf. 9, 11, 27: PL 32, 775. 195 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. myst. 5, 9. 10: PG 33, 1116-1117. 834, 882 1561, 1566 956 969 958, 1689 1032