Catechism of the Catholic Church

34 Part One to form a firmer judgment. For, of course, all that has been said about the manner of interpreting Scripture is ultimately subject to the judgment of the Church which exercises the divinely conferred commission and ministry of watching over and interpreting the Word of God.” 88 But I would not believe in the Gospel, had not the authority of the Catholic Church already moved me. 89 IV. T he C anon of S cripture 120 It was by the apostolic Tradition that the Church discerned which writings are to be included in the list of the sacred books. 90 This complete list is called the canon of Scripture. It includes 46 books for the Old Testament (45 if we count Jeremiah and Lamen­ tations as one) and 27 for the New. 91 The Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deu- teronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, Tobit, Judith, Esther, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Song of Songs, the Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Ha- bakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. The New Testament: the Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, the Acts of the Apostles, the Letters of St. Paul to the Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians, 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, the Letter to the Hebrews, the Letters of James, 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2, and 3 John, and Jude, and Revelation (the Apocalypse). The Old Testament 121 The Old Testament is an indispensable part of Sacred Scripture. Its books are divinely inspired and retain a permanent value, 92 for the Old Covenant has never been revoked. 122 Indeed, “the economy of the Old Testament was deliber- ately so oriented that it should prepare for and declare in prophecy the coming of Christ, redeemer of all men.” 93 “Even though they contain matters imperfect and provisional,” 94 the books of the Old Testament bear witness to the whole divine pedagogy of God’s 88 DV 12 § 3. 89 St. Augustine, Contra epistolam Manichaei, 5, 6: PL 42, 176. 90 Cf. DV 8 § 3. 91 Cf. Council of Trent: DS 179; 1334-1336; 1501-1504. 92 Cf. DV 14. 93 DV 15. 94 DV 15. 113 1117 1093 702, 763 708