Catechism of the Catholic Church

36 Part One form of preaching, but always in such a fashion that they have told us the honest truth about Jesus.” 101 127 The fourfold Gospel holds a unique place in the Church, as is evident both in the veneration which the liturgy accords it and in the surpassing attraction it has exercised on the saints at all times: There is no doctrine which could be better, more precious and more splendid than the text of the Gospel. Behold and retain what our Lord and Master, Christ, has taught by his words and accomplished by his deeds. 102 But above all it’s the Gospels that occupy my mind when I’m at prayer; my poor soul has so many needs, and yet this is the one thing needful. I’m always finding fresh lights there, hidden and enthralling meanings. 103 The unity of the Old and New Testaments 128 The Church, as early as apostolic times, 104 and then con- stantly in her Tradition, has illuminated the unity of the divine plan in the two Testaments through typology, which discerns in God’s works of the Old Covenant prefigurations of what he accom- plished in the fullness of time in the person of his incarnate Son. 129 Christians therefore read the Old Testament in the light of Christ crucified and risen. Such typological reading discloses the inexhaustible content of the Old Testament; but it must not make us forget that the Old Testament retains its own intrinsic value as Revelation reaffirmed by our Lord himself. 105 Besides, the New Testament has to be read in the light of the Old. Early Christian catechesis made constant use of the Old Testament. 106 As an old saying put it, the New Testament lies hidden in the Old and the Old Testament is unveiled in the New. 107 130 Typology indicates the dynamic movement toward the fulfillment of the divine plan when “God [will] be everything to everyone.” 108 Nor do the calling of the patriarchs and the exodus from Egypt, for example, lose their own value in God’s plan, from the mere fact that they were intermediate stages. 101 DV 19. 102 St. Caesaria the Younger to St. Richildis and St. Radegunde, SCh 345, 480. 103 St. Thérèse of Lisieux, ms. autob. A 83v. 104 Cf. 1 Cor 10:6, 11; Heb 10:1; 1 Pet 3:21. 105 Cf. Mk 12:29-31. 106 Cf. 1 Cor 5:6-8; 10:1-11. 107 Cf. St. Augustine, Quaest. in Hept. 2, 73: PL 34, 623; cf. DV 16. 108 1 Cor 15:28. 1154 2705 1094 489 681 2055 1968