Catechism of the Catholic Church

378 Part Two 1510 However, the apostolic Church has its own rite for the sick, attested to by St. James: “Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders [ presbyters ] of the Church and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.” 123 Tradition has rec­ ognized in this rite one of the seven sacraments. 124 A sacrament of the sick 1511 The Church believes and confesses that among the seven sacraments there is one especially intended to strengthen those who are being tried by illness, the Anointing of the Sick: This sacred anointing of the sick was instituted by Christ our Lord as a true and proper sacrament of the New Testament. It is alluded to indeed by Mark, but is recommended to the faithful and promulgated by James the apostle and brother of the Lord. 125 1512 From ancient times in the liturgical traditions of both East and West, we have testimonies to the practice of anointings of the sick with blessed oil. Over the centuries the Anointing of the Sick was conferred more and more exclusively on those at the point of death. Because of this it received the name “Extreme Unction.” Notwithstanding this evolution the liturgy has never failed to beg the Lord that the sick personmay recover his health if it would be conducive to his salvation. 126 1513 The Apostolic Constitution Sacram unctionem infir­ morum , 127 following upon the Second Vatican Council, 128 estab- lished that henceforth, in the Roman Rite, the following be observed: The sacrament of Anointing of the Sick is given to those who are seriously ill by anointing them on the forehead and hands with duly blessed oil—pressed from olives or from other plants—saying, only once: “Through this holy anoint- ing may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up.” 129 123 Jas 5:14-15. 124 Cf. Council of Constantinople II (553): DS 216; Council of Florence (1439): 1324-1325; Council of Trent (1551) 1695-1696; 1716-1717. 125 Council of Trent (1551): DS 1695; cf. Mk 6:13; Jas 5:14-15. 126 Cf. Council of Trent (1551): DS 1696. 127 Paul VI, apostolic constitution, Sacram unctionem infirmorum, November 30, 1972. 128 Cf. SC 73. 129 Cf. CIC, can. 847 § 1. 1117