Catechism of the Catholic Church

390 Part Two 1559 “One is constituted a member of the episcopal body in virtue of the sacramental consecration and by the hierarchical communion with the head and members of the college.” 39 The character and collegial nature of the episcopal order are evidenced among other ways by the Church’s ancient practice which calls for several bishops to participate in the consecration of a newbishop. 40 In our day, the lawful ordination of a bishop requires a special intervention of the Bishop of Rome, because he is the supreme visible bond of the communion of the particular Churches in the one Church and the guarantor of their freedom. 1560 As Christ’s vicar, each bishop has the pastoral care of the particular Church entrusted to him, but at the same time he bears collegially with all his brothers in the episcopacy the solicitude for all the Churches: “Though each bishop is the lawful pastor only of the portion of the flock entrusted to his care, as a legitimate succes­ sor of the apostles he is, by divine institution and precept, respon- sible with the other bishops for the apostolic mission of the Church.” 41 1561 The above considerations explain why the Eucharist cele- brated by the bishop has a quite special significance as an expres- sion of the Church gathered around the altar, with the one who represents Christ, the Good Shepherd and Head of his Church, presiding. 42 The ordination of priests—co-workers of the bishops 1562 “Christ, whom the Father hallowed and sent into the world, has, through his apostles, made their successors, the bish- ops namely, sharers in his consecration and mission; and these, in their turn, duly entrusted in varying degrees various members of the Church with the office of their ministry.” 43 “The function of the bishops’ ministry was handed over in a subordinate degree to priests so that they might be appointed in the order of the priest- hood and be co-workers of the episcopal order for the proper fulfillment of the apostolic mission that had been entrusted to it by Christ.” 44 39 LG 22. 40 Cf. LG 22. 41 Pius XII, Fidei donum: AAS 49 (1957) 237; cf. LG 23; CD 4; 36; 37; AG 5; 6; 38. 42 Cf. SC 41; LG 26. 43 LG 28; Jn 10:36. 44 PO 2 § 2. 877 882 833 886 1369