Catechism of the Catholic Church

398 Part Two And the holy Curé of Ars: “The priest continues the work of redemption on earth. . . . If we really understood the priest on earth, we would die not of fright but of love. . . . The Priesthood is the love of the heart of Jesus.” 83 IN BRIEF 1590 St. Paul said to his disciple Timothy: “I remind you to rekindle the gift of God that is within you through the laying on of my hands” ( 2 Tim 1:6), and “If any one aspires to the office of bishop, he desires a noble task.” ( 1 Tim 3:1) To Titus he said: “This is why I left you in Crete, that you amend what was defective, and ap- point presbyters in every town, as I directed you” ( Titus 1:5). 1591 The whole Church is a priestly people. Through Bap- tism all the faithful share in the priesthood of Christ. This participation is called the “common priesthood of the faithful.” Based on this common priesthood and ordered to its service, there exists another participa- tion in the mission of Christ: the ministry conferred by the sacrament of Holy Orders, where the task is to serve in the name and in the person of Christ the Head in the midst of the community. 1592 The ministerial priesthood differs in essence from the common priesthood of the faithful because it confers a sacred power for the service of the faithful. The ordainedministers exercise their service for the People of God by teaching ( munus docendi ), divine worship ( munus liturgicum ) and pastoral governance ( munus regendi ). 1593 Since the beginning, the ordained ministry has been conferred and exercised in three degrees: that of bish- ops, that of presbyters, and that of deacons. The min­ istries conferred by ordination are irreplaceable for the organic structure of the Church: without the bishop, presbyters, and deacons, one cannot speak of the Church (cf. St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Trall. 3,1). 1594 The bishop receives the fullness of the sacrament of Holy Orders, which integrates him into the episcopal college andmakes him the visible head of the particular 83 St. John Vianney, quoted in B. Nodet, Jean-Marie Vianney, Curé d’Ars, 100. 1551