Catechism of the Catholic Church

436 Part Three A rticle 5 THE MORALITY OF THE PASSIONS 762 The human person is ordered to beatitude by his deliberate acts: the passions or feelings he experiences can dispose him to it and contribute to it. I. P assions 1763 The term “passions” belongs to the Christian patrimony. Feelings or passions are emotions or movements of the sensitive appetite that incline us to act or not to act in regard to something felt or imagined to be good or evil. 1764 The passions are natural components of the human psy- che; they form the passageway and ensure the connection between the life of the senses and the life of the mind. Our Lord called man’s heart the source from which the passions spring. 40 1765 There are many passions. The most fundamental passion is love, aroused by the attraction of the good. Love causes a desire for the absent good and the hope of obtaining it; this movement finds completion in the pleasure and joy of the good possessed. The apprehension of evil causes hatred, aversion, and fear of the im- pending evil; this movement ends in sadness at some present evil, or in the anger that resists it. 1766 “To love is to will the good of another.” 41 All other affec- tions have their source in this first movement of the human heart toward the good. Only the good can be loved. 42 Passions “are evil if love is evil and good if it is good.” 43 II. P assions and M oral L ife 1767 In themselves passions are neither good nor evil. They are morally qualified only to the extent that they effectively engage reason and will. Passions are said to be voluntary, “either because they are commanded by the will or because the will does not place 40 Cf. Mk 7:21. 41 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh I-II, 26, 4, corp. art. 42 Cf. St. Augustine, De Trin. , 8, 3, 4: PL 42, 949-950. 43 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei 14, 7, 2: PL 41, 410. 368 1704 1860