Catechism of the Catholic Church

466 Part Three 1911 Human interdependence is increasing and gradually spreading throughout the world. The unity of the human family, embracing people who enjoy equal natural dignity, implies a uni- versal common good . This good calls for an organization of the com­ munity of nations able to “provide for the different needs of men; this will involve the sphere of social life to which belong questions of food, hygiene, education, . . . and certain situations arising here and there, as for example . . . alleviating the miseries of refugees dispersed throughout the world, and assisting migrants and their families.” 29 1912 The common good is always oriented towards the pro­ gress of persons: “The order of things must be subordinate to the order of persons, and not the other way around.” 30 This order is founded on truth, built up in justice, and animated by love. III. R esponsibility and P articipation 1913 “Participation” is the voluntary and generous engagement of a person in social interchange. It is necessary that all participate, each according to his position and role, in promoting the common good. This obligation is inherent in the dignity of the human person. 1914 Participation is achieved first of all by taking charge of the areas for which one assumes personal responsibility: by the care taken for the education of his family, by conscientious work, and so forth, man participates in the good of others and of society. 31 1915 As far as possible citizens should take an active part in public life. The manner of this participation may vary from one country or culture to another. “One must pay tribute to those nations whose systems permit the largest possible number of the citizens to take part in public life in a climate of genuine freedom.” 32 29 GS 84 § 2. 30 GS 26 § 3. 31 Cf. CA 43. 32 GS 31 § 3. 2438 1881 1734 2239