Catechism of the Catholic Church

Life in Christ 481 1984 The Law of the Gospel fulfills and surpasses the Old Law and brings it to perfection: its promises, through the Beatitudes of the Kingdom of heaven; its com­ mandments, by reforming the heart, the root of hu­ man acts. 1985 The New Law is a law of love, a law of grace, a law of freedom. 1986 Besides its precepts the New Law includes the evangel­ ical counsels. “The Church’s holiness is fostered in a special way by the manifold counsels which the Lord proposes to his disciples in the Gospel” ( LG 42 §2). A rticle 2 GRACE AND JUSTIFICATION I. J ustification 1987 The grace of the Holy Spirit has the power to justify us, that is, to cleanse us from our sins and to communicate to us “the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ” and through Baptism: 34 But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him. For we know that Christ being raised from the dead will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. The death he died he died to sin, once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God. So you also must consider yourselves as dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus. 35 1988 Through the power of the Holy Spirit we take part in Christ’s Passion by dying to sin, and in his Resurrection by being born to a new life; we are members of his Bodywhich is the Church, branches grafted onto the vine which is himself: 36 [God] gave himself to us through his Spirit. By the participa­ tion of the Spirit, we become communicants in the divine nature. . . . For this reason, those in whom the Spirit dwells are divinized. 37 34 Rom 3:22; cf. 6:3-4. 35 Rom 6:8-11. 36 Cf. 1 Cor 12; Jn 15:1-4. 37 St. Athanasius, Ep. Serap. 1, 24: PG 26, 585 and 588. 734 654 460