Catechism of the Catholic Church

Life in Christ 523 A rticle 3 THE THIRD COMMANDMENT Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work. 90 The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath; so the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath. 91 I. T he S abbath D ay 2168 The third commandment of the Decalogue recalls the ho­ liness of the sabbath: “The seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the Lord.” 92 2169 In speaking of the sabbath Scripture recalls creation: “For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it.” 93 2170 Scripture also reveals in the Lord’s day a memorial of Israel’s liberation frombondage in Egypt: “You shall remember that youwere a servant in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out thence with mighty hand and outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.” 94 2171 God entrusted the sabbath to Israel to keep as a sign of the irrevocable covenant. 95 The sabbath is for the Lord, holy and set apart for the praise of God, his work of creation, and his saving actions on behalf of Israel. 2172 God’s action is the model for human action. If God “rested and was refreshed” on the seventh day, man too ought to “rest” and should let others, especially the poor, “be refreshed.” 96 The sabbath brings everyday work to a halt and provides a respite. It is a day of protest against the servitude of work and the worship of money. 97 90 Ex 20:8-10; cf. Deut 5:12-15. 91 Mk 2:27-28. 92 Ex 31:15. 93 Ex 20:11. 94 Deut 5:15. 95 Cf. Ex 31:16. 96 Ex 31:17; cf. 23:12. 97 Cf. Neh 13:15-22; 2 Chr 36:21. 346-348 2057 2184