Catechism of the Catholic Church

Life in Christ 549 ensured for the unborn child from the moment of conception, the law must provide appropriate penal sanctions for every deliberate violation of the child’s rights.” 81 2274 Since it must be treated from conception as a person, the embryo must be defended in its integrity, cared for, and healed, as far as possible, like any other human being. Prenatal diagnosis is morally licit, “if it respects the life and integri­ ty of the embryo and the human fetus and is directed toward its safeguard­ ing or healing as an individual. . . . It is gravely opposed to the moral law when this is done with the thought of possibly inducing an abortion, de­ pending upon the results: a diagnosis must not be the equivalent of a death sentence.” 82 2275 “One must hold as licit procedures carried out on the human embryo which respect the life and integrity of the embryo and do not in­ volve disproportionate risks for it, but are directed toward its healing, the improvement of its condition of health, or its individual survival.” 83 “It is immoral to produce human embryos intended for exploi­ tation as disposable biological material.” 84 “Certain attempts to influence chromosomic or genetic inheritance are not therapeutic but are aimed at producing human beings selected accord­ ing to sex or other predetermined qualities. Such manipulations are con­ trary to the personal dignity of the human being and his integrity and identity” 85 which are unique and unrepeatable. Euthanasia 2276 Those whose lives are diminished or weakened deserve special respect. Sick or handicapped persons should be helped to lead lives as normal as possible. 2277 Whatever its motives and means, direct euthanasia con­ sists in putting an end to the lives of handicapped, sick, or dying persons. It is morally unacceptable. Thus an act or omission which, of itself or by intention, causes death in order to eliminate suffering constitutes a murder gravely contrary to the dignity of the human person and to the respect due to the living God, his Creator. The error of judgment into which one can fall in good faith does not change the nature of this murderous act, which must always be forbidden and excluded. 81 CDF, Donum vitae III. 82 CDF, Donum vitae I, 2. 83 CDF, Donum vitae I, 3. 84 CDF, Donum vitae I, 5. 85 CDF, Donum vitae I, 6. 1503