Catechism of the Catholic Church

608 Part Three 2540 Envy represents a form of sadness and therefore a refusal of charity; the baptized person should struggle against it by exer­ cising good will. Envy often comes from pride; the baptized person should train himself to live in humility: Would you like to see God glorified by you? Then rejoice in your brother’s progress and youwill immediately give glory to God. Because his servant could conquer envy by rejoicing in the merits of others, God will be praised. 329 II. T he D esires of the S pirit 2541 The economy of law and grace turns men’s hearts away from avarice and envy. It initiates them into desire for the Sover­ eign Good; it instructs them in the desires of the Holy Spirit who satisfies man’s heart. The God of the promises always warned man against seduction by what from the beginning has seemed “good for food . . . a delight to the eyes . . . to be desired to make one wise.” 330 2542 The Law entrusted to Israel never sufficed to justify those subject to it; it even became the instrument of “lust.” 331 The gap between wanting and doing points to the conflict between God’s Lawwhich is the “law of my mind,” and another law “making me captive to the law of sin which dwells in my members.” 332 2543 “But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from law, although the law and the prophets bear witness to it, the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe.” 333 Henceforth, Christ’s faithful “have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires”; they are led by the Spirit and follow the desires of the Spirit. 334 329 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in Rom. 71, 5: PG 60, 448. 330 Gen 3:6. 331 Cf. Rom 7:7. 332 Rom 7:23; cf. 7:10. 333 Rom 3:21-22. 334 Gal 5:24; cf. Rom 8:14, 27. 1829 1718 2764 397 1963 1992