Catechism of the Catholic Church

Christian Prayer 667 2781 When we pray to the Father, we are in communion with him and with his Son, Jesus Christ. 33 Then we know and recognize him with an ever new sense of wonder. The first phrase of the Our Father is a blessing of adoration before it is a supplication. For it is the glory of God that we should recognize him as “Father,” the true God. We give him thanks for having revealed his name to us, for the gift of believing in it, and for the indwelling of his Presence in us. 2782 We can adore the Father because he has caused us to be reborn to his life by adopting us as his children in his only Son: by Baptism, he incorporates us into the Body of his Christ; through the anointing of his Spirit who flows from the head to the members, he makes us other “Christs.” God, indeed, who has predestined us to adoption as his sons, has conformed us to the glorious Body of Christ. So then you who have become sharers in Christ are appropriately called “Christs.” 34 The new man, reborn and restored to his God by grace, says first of all, “Father!” because he has now begun to be a son. 35 2783 Thus the Lord’s Prayer reveals us to ourselves at the same time that it reveals the Father to us. 36 O man, you did not dare to raise your face to heaven, you loweredyour eyes to the earth, andsuddenlyyouhave received the grace of Christ: all your sins have been forgiven. Frombeing a wicked servant you have become a good son. . . . Then raise your eyes to the Fatherwho has begotten you throughBaptism, to the Father who has redeemed you through his Son, and say: “Our Father. . . .”But donot claimanyprivilege.He is the Father in a special way only of Christ, but he is the common Father of us all, becausewhile he has begotten onlyChrist, he has created us. Then also say by his grace, “Our Father,” so that you may merit being his son. 37 2784 The free gift of adoption requires on our part continual conversion and new life. Praying to our Father should develop in us two fundamental dispositions: First, the desire to become like him: though created in his image, we are restored to his likeness by grace; and we must respond to this grace. 33 Cf. 1 Jn 1:3. 34 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. myst. 3, 1: PG 33, 1088A. 35 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 9: PL 4, 525A. 36 Cf. GS 22 § 1. 37 St. Ambrose, De Sacr. 5, 4, 19: PL 16:450-451. 2665 1267 1701 1428 1997