Catechism of the Catholic Church

676 Part Four their retribution is ordained for the end of the world. Indeed, as soon as possible, Lord, may your kingdom come! 87 2818 In the Lord’s Prayer, “thy kingdom come” refers primarily to the final coming of the reign of God through Christ’s return. 88 But, far from distracting the Church from her mission in this present world, this desire commits her to it all the more strongly. Since Pentecost, the coming of that Reign is the work of the Spirit of the Lord so that, “bringing to perfection his work in the world, he might sanctify creation to the full.” 89 2819 “The kingdom of God [is] righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.” 90 The end-time in which we live is the age of the outpouring of the Spirit. Ever since Pentecost, a decisive battle has been joined between “the flesh” and the Spirit. 91 Only a pure soul can boldly say: “Thy kingdom come.” One who has heard Paul say, “Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal bodies,” and has purified himself in action, thought, and word will say to God: “Thy kingdom come!” 92 2820 By a discernment according to the Spirit, Christians have to distinguish between the growth of the Reign of God and the progress of the culture and society in which they are involved. This distinction is not a separation. Man’s vocation to eternal life does not suppress, but actually reinforces, his duty to put into action in this world the energies and means received from the Creator to serve justice and peace. 93 2821 This petition is taken up and granted in the prayer of Jesus which is present and effective in the Eucharist; it bears its fruit in new life in keeping with the Beatitudes. 94 87 Tertullian, De orat. 5: PL 1, 1159A; cf. Heb 4:11; Rev 6:9; 22:20. 88 Cf. Titus 2:13. 89 Roman Missal, Eucharistic Prayer IV, 117. 90 Rom 14:17. 91 Cf. Gal 5:16-25. 92 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. myst. 5, 13: PG 33, 1120A; cf. Rom 6:12. 93 Cf. GS 22; 32; 39; 45; EN 31. 94 Cf. Jn 17:17-20; Mt 5:13-16; 6:24; 7:12-13. 769 2046 2516 2519 1049 2746