Catechism of the Catholic Church

Christian Prayer 679 IV. “G ive U s T his D ay O ur D aily B read ” 2828 “ Give us ”: The trust of children who look to their Father for everything is beautiful. “He makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.” 113 He gives to all the living “their food in due season.” 114 Jesus teaches us this petition, because it glorifies our Father by acknowledging how good he is, beyond all goodness. 2829 “Give us” also expresses the covenant. We are his and he is ours, for our sake. But this “us” also recognizes him as the Father of all men and we pray to him for them all, in solidarity with their needs and sufferings. 2830 “ Our bread ”: The Father who gives us life cannot but give us the nourishment life requires—all appropriate goods and bless­ ings, both material and spiritual. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus insists on the filial trust that cooperates with our Father’s provi­ dence. 115 He is not inviting us to idleness, 116 but wants to relieve us from nagging worry and preoccupation. Such is the filial sur­ render of the children of God: To those who seek the kingdom of God and his righteous­ ness, he has promised to give all else besides. Since every­ thing indeed belongs to God, he who possesses God wants for nothing, if he himself is not found wanting before God. 117 2831 But the presence of those who hunger because they lack bread opens up another profound meaning of this petition. The drama of hunger in the world calls Christians who pray sincerely to exercise responsibility toward their brethren, both in their per­ sonal behavior and in their solidarity with the human family. This petition of the Lord’s Prayer cannot be isolated from the parables of the poor man Lazarus and of the Last Judgment. 118 113 Mt 5:45. 114 Ps 104:27. 115 Cf. Mt 6:25-34. 116 Cf. 2 Thess 3:6-13. 117 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 21: PL 4, 534A. 118 Cf. Lk 16:19-31; Mt 25:31-46. 2778 1939 2633 227 1038