Catechism of the Catholic Church

684 Part Four VI. “A nd L ead U s N ot into T emptation ” 2846 This petition goes to the root of the preceding one, for our sins result from our consenting to temptation; we therefore ask our Father not to “lead” us into temptation. It is difficult to translate the Greek verb used by a single English word: the Greek means both “do not allow us to enter into temptation” and “do not let us yield to temptation.” 150 “God cannot be tempted by evil and he himself tempts no one”; 151 on the contrary, he wants to set us free from evil. We ask him not to allow us to take the way that leads to sin. We are engaged in the battle “between flesh and spirit”; this petition implores the Spirit of discernment and strength. 2847 The Holy Spirit makes us discern between trials, which are necessary for the growth of the inner man, 152 and temptation, which leads to sin and death. 153 We must also discern between be­ ing tempted and consenting to temptation. Finally, discernment unmasks the lie of temptation, whose object appears to be good, a “delight to the eyes” and desirable, 154 when in reality its fruit is death. God does not want to impose the good, but wants free beings. . . . There is a certain usefulness to temptation. No one but God knows what our soul has received from him, not even we ourselves. But temptation reveals it in order to teach us to know ourselves, and in this way we discover our evil inclinations and are obliged to give thanks for the goods that temptation has revealed to us. 155 2848 “Lead us not into temptation” implies a decision of the heart: “For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. . . . No one can serve two masters.” 156 “If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.” 157 In this assent to the Holy Spirit the Fa­ ther gives us strength. “No testing has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempt­ ed beyond your strength, but with the temptation will also pro­ vide the way of escape, so that you may be able to endure it.” 158 150 Cf. Mt 26:41. 151 Jas 1:13. 152 Cf. Lk 8:13-15; Acts 14:22; Rom 5:3-5; 2 Tim 3:12. 153 Cf. Jas 1:14-15. 154 Cf. Gen 3:6. 155 Origen, De orat. 29: PG 11, 544CD. 156 Mt 6:21, 24. 157 Gal 5:25. 158 1 Cor 10:13. 164 2516 2284 1808