Catechism of the Catholic Church

80 Part One things, for they are yours, O Lord, you who love the liv­ ing. 160 V. G od C arries O ut H is P lan : D ivine P rovidence 302 Creation has its own goodness and proper perfection, but it did not spring forth complete from the hands of the Creator. The universe was created “in a state of journeying” ( in statu viae ) toward an ultimate perfection yet to be attained, to which God has destined it. We call “divine providence” the dispositions by which God guides his creation toward this perfection: By his providence God protects and governs all things which he has made, “reaching mightily from one end of the earth to the other, and ordering all things well.” For “all are open and laid bare to his eyes,” even those things which are yet to come into existence through the free action of creatures. 161 303 The witness of Scripture is unanimous that the solicitude of divine providence is concrete and immediate; God cares for all, from the least things to the great events of the world and its history. The sacred books powerfully affirm God’s absolute sovereignty over the course of events: “Our God is in the heavens; he does whatever he pleases.” 162 And so it is with Christ, “who opens and no one shall shut, who shuts and no one opens.” 163 As the book of Proverbs states: “Many are the plans in the mind of a man, but it is the purpose of the Lord that will be established.” 164 304 And so we see the Holy Spirit, the principal author of Sacred Scripture, often attributing actions to God without mentioning any secon­ dary causes. This is not a “primitive mode of speech,” but a profound way of recalling God’s primacy and absolute Lordship over history and the world, 165 and so of educating his people to trust in him. The prayer of the Psalms is the great school of this trust. 166 305 Jesus asks for childlike abandonment to the providence of our heavenly Father who takes care of his children’s smallest needs: “Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ . . . . Your heavenly Father knows that you need them all. But seek first his kingdom and his righteous­ ness, and all these things shall be yours as well.” 167 160 Wis 11:24-26. 161 Vatican Council I, Dei Filius 1: DS 3003; cf. Wis 8:1; Heb 4:13. 162 Ps 115:3. 163 Rev 3:7. 164 Prov 19:21. 165 Cf. Isa 10:5-15; 45:5-7; Deut 32:39; Sir 11:14. 166 Cf. Ps 22; 32; 35; 103; 138; et al. 167 Mt 6:31-33; cf. 10:29-31. 269 2568 2115