Catechism of the Catholic Church

92 Part One has raised man up to himself and made him sit at his right hand. 223 359 “In reality it is only in the mystery of the Word made flesh that the mystery of man truly becomes clear.” 224 St. Paul tells us that the human race takes its origin from two men: Adam and Christ . . . . The first man, Adam, he says, became a living soul, the last Adam a life-giving spirit. The first Adam was made by the last Adam, from whom he also received his soul, to give him life . . . . The second Adam stamped his image on the first Adam when he created him. That is why he took on himself the role and the name of the first Adam, in order that he might not lose what he hadmade in his own image. The first Adam, the last Adam: the first had a beginning, the last knows no end. The last Adam is indeed the first; as he himself says: “I am the first and the last.” 225 360 Because of its common origin the human race forms a unity, for “from one ancestor [God] made all nations to inhabit the whole earth”: 226 Owondrous vision, whichmakes us contemplate the human race in the unity of its origin in God . . . in the unity of its nature, composed equally in all men of a material body and a spiritual soul; in the unity of its immediate end and its mission in the world; in the unity of its dwelling, the earth, whose benefits all men, by right of nature, may use to sustain and develop life; in the unity of its supernatural end: God himself, to whom all ought to tend; in the unity of the means for attaining this end; . . . in the unity of the redemption wrought by Christ for all. 227 361 “This law of human solidarity and charity,” 228 without excluding the rich variety of persons, cultures, and peoples, assures us that all men are truly brethren. II. “B ody and S oul but T ruly O ne ” 362 The human person, created in the image of God, is a being at once corporeal and spiritual. The biblical account expresses this reality in symbolic language when it affirms that “then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his 223 St. John Chrysostom, In Gen. Sermo II, 1: PG 54, 587D-588A. 224 GS 22 § 1. 225 St. Peter Chrysologus, Sermo 117; PL 52, 520-521. 226 Acts 17:26; cf. Tob 8:6. 227 Pius XII, encyclical, Summi Pontificatus 3; cf. NA 1. 228 Pius XII, Summi Pontificatus 3. 1701 388, 411 225, 404, 775 831, 842 1939 1146, 2332