service provider, you may have an opportunity to identify and assist a victim
of human trafficking. These are some red flags:
- Seems anxious, fearful or paranoid. Avoids eye contact.
- Tearfulness or signs of depression.
- Unexplained bruises or cuts or other signs of physical abuse.
- Appears to be in a relationship with someone who is dominating.
- Never is alone and/or always has someone translating or
answering questions on their behalf.
- Not in control of their own finances.
- Presents with secrecy or unable to answer questions about where
- Inconsistent details when telling their story.
- Has no identification such as a license, passport or other ID documents.
- Inability to leave their job or residence. Says they
cannot schedule appointments.
- Being a recent arrival to the United States and does not speak
- Is under 18 and providing commercial sex acts. Or at any
age unwillingly providing commercial sex acts.
- Is afraid of law enforcement or receiving help from an outside
can find an opportunity to get he/she alone, ask him/her the following
- Can you leave your job or house when you want?
- Where did you get those bruises or is anyone hurting you?
- Do you get paid for your employment? Is it fair? How
many hours do you work?
- (If foreign national) How did you get to the U.S. and is it what
you expected? Are you being forced to do anything you don't want to do?
- Are you or your family being threatened?
- Do you live with or near your employer? Does your employer
provide you housing? Are there locks on doors or windows from outside?
- Do you owe debt to anyone?
If you suspect they are a victim of human trafficking,take the
- Ask the person if you can help them find a safe place to go
- If they need time, create an action plan with them to get to a
safe place when they are ready.
- Call and make a report to the human trafficking hotline at
1.888.3737.888. The hotline has language capabilities, so any individual
can call directly if they choose.
- If you need more guidance, you can call and talk through the
case with USCCB Anti-trafficking program staff at 202.541.3357.
This information is also available to be downloaded as a PDF.