Catechism of the Catholic Church

296 Part Two race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a redeemed people,” have a right and an obligation by reason of their Baptism. 11 1142 But “the members do not all have the same function.” 12 Certain members are called by God, in and through the Church, to a special service of the community. These servants are chosen and consecrated by the sacrament of Holy Orders, by which the Holy Spirit enables them to act in the person of Christ the head, for the service of all the members of the Church. 13 The ordained minister is, as it were, an “icon” of Christ the priest. Since it is in the Eucharist that the sacrament of the Church is made fully visible, it is in his presiding at the Eucharist that the bishop’s ministry is most evident, as well as, in communion with him, the ministry of priests and deacons. 1143 For the purpose of assisting the work of the common priesthood of the faithful, other particular ministries also exist, not consecrated by the sacrament of Holy Orders; their functions are determined by the bishops, in accord with liturgical traditions and pastoral needs. “Servers, readers, commentators, and members of the choir also exercise a genuine liturgical function.” 14 1144 In the celebration of the sacraments it is thus the whole assembly that is leitourgos, each according to his function, but in the “unity of the Spirit” who acts in all. “In liturgical celebrations each person, minister or layman, who has an office to perform, should carry out all and only those parts which pertain to his office by the nature of the rite and the norms of the liturgy.” 15 II. H ow I s the L iturgy C elebrated ? Signs and symbols 1145 A sacramental celebration is woven from signs and sym- bols. In keeping with the divine pedagogy of salvation, their mean- ing is rooted in the work of creation and in human culture, specified by the events of the Old Covenant and fully revealed in the person and work of Christ. 11 SC 14; cf. 1 Pet 2:9; 2:4-5. 12 Rom 12:4. 13 Cf. PO 2; 15. 14 SC 29. 15 SC 28. 1268 1549 1561 903 1672 1333-1340 53