Catechism of the Catholic Church

322 Part Two been reborn nothing remains that would impede their entry into the Kingdom of God, neither Adam’s sin, nor personal sin, nor the consequences of sin, the gravest of which is separation from God. 1264 Yet certain temporal consequences of sin remain in the baptized, such as suffering, illness, death, and such frailties inher- ent in life as weaknesses of character, and so on, as well as an inclination to sin that Tradition calls concupiscence, or metaphori- cally, “the tinder for sin” ( fomes peccati ); since concupiscence “is left for us to wrestle with, it cannot harm those who do not consent but manfully resist it by the grace of Jesus Christ.” 67 Indeed, “an athlete is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules.” 68 “A new creature” 1265 Baptism not only purifies from all sins, but also makes the neophyte “a new creature,” an adopted son of God, who has become a “partaker of the divine nature,” 69 member of Christ and co-heir with him, 70 and a temple of the Holy Spirit. 71 1266 The Most Holy Trinity gives the baptized sanctifying grace, the grace of justification: — enabling them to believe in God, to hope in him, and to love him through the theological virtues; —giving them the power to live and act under the prompting of the Holy Spirit through the gifts of the Holy Spirit; — allowing them to grow in goodness through the moral virtues. Thus the whole organism of the Christian’s supernatural life has its roots in Baptism. Incorporated into the Church, the Body of Christ 1267 Baptismmakes us members of the Body of Christ: “There- fore . . . we are members one of another.” 72 Baptism incorporates us into the Church. From the baptismal fonts is born the one People of God of the New Covenant, which transcends all the natural or human limits of nations, cultures, races, and sexes: “For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body.” 73 67 Council of Trent (1546): DS 1515. 68 2 Tim 2:5. 69 2 Cor 5:17; 2 Pet 1:4; cf. Gal 4:5-7. 70 Cf. 1 Cor 6:15; 12:27; Rom 8:17. 71 Cf. 1 Cor 6:19. 72 Eph 4:25. 73 1 Cor 12:13. 975, 2514 1426 405 505 460 1992 1812 1831 1810 782