Catechism of the Catholic Church

334 Part Two A rticle 3 THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST 1322 The holy Eucharist completes Christian initiation. Those who have been raised to the dignity of the royal priesthood by Baptism and configured more deeply to Christ by Confirmation participate with the whole community in the Lord’s own sacrifice by means of the Eucharist. 1323 “At the Last Supper, on the night he was betrayed, our Savior instituted the Eucharistic sacrifice of his Body and Blood. This he did in order to perpetuate the sacrifice of the cross through- out the ages until he should come again, and so to entrust to his beloved Spouse, the Church, a memorial of his death and resurrec- tion: a sacrament of love, a sign of unity, a bond of charity, a Paschal banquet ‘in which Christ is consumed, the mind is filled with grace, and a pledge of future glory is given to us.’” 135 I. T he E ucharist —S ource and S ummit of E cclesial L ife 1324 The Eucharist is “the source and summit of the Christian life.” 136 “The other sacraments, and indeed all ecclesiastical ministries andworks of the apostolate, are bound upwith the Eucharist and are oriented toward it. For in the blessed Eucharist is contained thewhole spiritual good of the Church, namely Christ himself, our Pasch.” 137 1325 “The Eucharist is the efficacious sign and sublime cause of that communion in the divine life and that unity of the People of God by which the Church is kept in being. It is the culmination both of God’s action sanctifying the world in Christ and of the worship men offer to Christ and through him to the Father in the Holy Spirit.” 138 1326 Finally, by the Eucharistic celebration we already unite ourselves with the heavenly liturgy and anticipate eternal life, when God will be all in all. 139 1327 In brief, the Eucharist is the sum and summary of our faith: “Our way of thinking is attuned to the Eucharist, and the Eucharist in turn confirms our way of thinking.” 140 135 SC 47. 136 LG 11. 137 PO 5. 138 Congregation of Rites, instruction, Eucharisticum mysterium, 6. 139 1 Cor 15:28. 140 St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 4, 18, 5: PG 7/1, 1028. 1212 1402 864 775 1090 1124