Catechism of the Catholic Church

564 Part Three The various forms of chastity 2348 All the baptized are called to chastity. The Christian has “put on Christ,” 135 the model for all chastity. All Christ’s faithful are called to lead a chaste life in keeping with their particular states of life. At the moment of his Baptism, the Christian is pledged to lead his affective life in chastity. 2349 “People should cultivate [chastity] in the way that is suit­ ed to their state of life. Some profess virginity or consecrated celi­ bacy which enables them to give themselves to God alone with an undivided heart in a remarkable manner. Others live in the way prescribed for all by the moral law, whether they are married or single.” 136 Married people are called to live conjugal chastity; others practice chastity in continence: There are three forms of the virtue of chastity: the first is that of spouses, the second that of widows, and the third that of virgins. We do not praise any one of them to the exclusion of the others. . . . This is what makes for the richness of the discipline of the Church. 137 2350 Those who are engaged to marry are called to live chastity in continence. They should see in this time of testing a discovery of mutual respect, an apprenticeship in fidelity, and the hope of receiving one another from God. They should reserve for marriage the expressions of affection that belong to married love. They will help each other grow in chastity. Offenses against chastity 2351 Lust is disordered desire for or inordinate enjoyment of sexual pleasure. Sexual pleasure ismorally disorderedwhen sought for itself, isolated from its procreative and unitive purposes. 2352 By masturbation is to be understood the deliberate stimu­ lation of the genital organs in order to derive sexual pleasure. “Both theMagisteriumof the Church, in the course of a constant tradition, and the moral sense of the faithful have been in no doubt and have firmly maintained that masturbation is an intrinsically and gravely disordered action.” 138 “The deliberate use of the sexual faculty, for whatever reason, outside of marriage is essentially contrary to its 135 Gal 3:27. 136 CDF, Persona humana 11. 137 St. Ambrose, De viduis 4, 23: PL 16, 255A. 138 CDF, Persona humana 9. 1620 1632 2528