Catechism of the Catholic Church

Life in Christ 565 purpose.” For here sexual pleasure is sought outside of “the sexu­ al relationship which is demanded by the moral order and in which the total meaning of mutual self-giving and human procre­ ation in the context of true love is achieved.” 139 To form an equitable judgment about the subjects’ moral responsibility and to guide pastoral action, one must take into account the affective immaturity, force of acquired habit, condi­ tions of anxiety, or other psychological or social factors that can lessen, if not even reduce to a minimum, moral culpability. 2353 Fornication is carnal union between an unmarried man and an unmarried woman. It is gravely contrary to the dignity of persons and of human sexuality which is naturally ordered to the good of spouses and the generation and education of children. Moreover, it is a grave scandal when there is corruption of the young. 2354 Pornography consists in removing real or simulated sexual acts from the intimacy of the partners, in order to display them deliberately to third parties. It offends against chastity because it perverts the conjugal act, the intimate giving of spouses to each other. It does grave injury to the dignity of its participants (actors, vendors, the public), since each one becomes an object of base pleasure and illicit profit for others. It immerses all who are in- volved in the illusion of a fantasy world. It is a grave offense. Civil authorities should prevent the production and distribution of por­ nographic materials. 2355 Prostitution does injury to the dignity of the person who engages in it, reducing the person to an instrument of sexual pleasure. The one who pays sins gravely against himself: he vio­ lates the chastity to which his Baptism pledged him and defiles his body, the temple of the Holy Spirit. 140 Prostitution is a social scourge. It usually involves women, but also men, children, and adolescents (The latter two cases involve the added sin of scan­ dal.). While it is always gravely sinful to engage in prostitution, the imputability of the offense can be attenuated by destitution, black­ mail, or social pressure. 139 CDF, Persona humana 9. 140 Cf. 1 Cor 6:15-20. 1735 2523 1735