Catechism of the Catholic Church

680 Part Four 2832 As leaven in the dough, the newness of the kingdom should make the earth “rise” by the Spirit of Christ. 119 This must be shown by the establishment of justice in personal and social, economic and international relations, without ever forgetting that there are no just structures without people who want to be just. 2833 “Our” bread is the “one” loaf for the “many.” In the Beatitudes “poverty” is the virtue of sharing: it calls us to commu­ nicate and share bothmaterial and spiritual goods, not by coercion but out of love, so that the abundance of some may remedy the needs of others. 120 2834 “Pray and work.” 121 “Pray as if everything depended on God and work as if everything depended on you.” 122 Even when we have done our work, the food we receive is still a gift from our Father; it is good to ask him for it and to thank him, as Christian families do when saying grace at meals. 2835 This petition, with the responsibility it involves, also ap­ plies to another hunger from which men are perishing: “Man does not live by bread alone, but . . . by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God,” 123 that is, by the Word he speaks and the Spirit he breathes forth. Christians must make every effort “to proclaim the good news to the poor.” There is a famine on earth, “not a fam­ ine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord.” 124 For this reason the specifically Christian sense of this fourth petition concerns the Bread of Life: The Word of God ac cepted in faith, the Body of Christ received in the Eucharist. 125 2836 “ This day ” is also an expression of trust taught us by the Lord, 126 which we would never have presumed to invent. Since it refers above all to his Word and to the Body of his Son, this “today” is not only that of our mortal time, but also the “today” of God. If you receive the bread each day, each day is today for you. If Christ is yours today, he rises for you every day. How can this be? “You are my Son, today I have begotten you.” Therefore, “today” is when Christ rises. 127 119 Cf. AA 5. 120 Cf. 2 Cor 8:1-15. 121 Cf. St. Benedict, Regula, 20, 48. 122 Attributed to St. Ignatius Loyola, cf. Joseph de Guibert, SJ, The Jesuits: Their Spiritual Doctrine and Practice, (Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1964), 148, n. 55. 123 Deut 8:3; Mt 4:4. 124 Am 8:11. 125 Cf. Jn 6:26-58. 126 Cf. Mt 6:34; Ex 16:19. 127 St. Ambrose, De Sacr. 5, 4, 26: PL 16, 453A; cf. Ps 2:7. 1928 2790 2546 2428 2443 1384 1165