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210 • Part II. The Sacraments: The Faith Celebrated

3. What are the consequences of the deeper identification with the mis-

sion of the Church that comes from Confirmation?


• Jesus promised the Apostles that he would send the Holy Spirit to

them. At Pentecost that promise of Christ was fulfilled (cf. Jn 16:12-

15; Acts 2:1-47).

• The effects of Confirmation include a permanent character, a perfec-

tion of baptismal grace, an increase in the gifts and fruits of the Holy

Spirit, a deepening of our identity as adopted sons and daughters

of God, a closer bond to the Church and her mission, and helps for

bearing witness.

• In the Eastern Churches, Chrismation (Confirmation) is admin-

istered immediately after Baptism, followed by participation in

the Eucharist. This tradition emphasizes the unity of these three

Sacraments of Initiation.

• In the Western or Latin Church, Confirmation is administered after

the age of reason is attained and is normally conferred by the bishop,

signifying one’s bond with the Church and its apostolic origins.

• The candidate for Confirmation in the Latin Church should be in

the state of grace, be well prepared by prayer and catechesis, and be

committed to the responsibilities entailed by the Sacrament.

• This is the essential rite of Confirmation in the Western Church: The

bishop confers Confirmation through the anointing with Chrism on

the recipient’s forehead, which is done by the laying on of the hand,

while saying the words “Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

• In the Eastern Churches, after a prayer for the presence and action

of the Holy Spirit, the priest anoints the forehead, eyes, nose, ears,

lips, chest, back, hands, and feet of the candidate with


(holy oil). With each anointing, he says, “The seal of the gift of the

Holy Spirit.”

• The spiritual, indelible marks (or characters) received in the

Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders affirm a