mean embarking on a journey of prayer; accompanying the poor, the oppressed,
and refugees in their times of trial; visiting local holy sites; and countless
other acts of faith. A pilgrimage to the Holy Land is a special time of
spiritual journey for Christians. It is a time when we recommit ourselves to
living a Christian life as a life of pilgrimage. For many American Catholics,
going on pilgrimage to the Holy Land is an especially appropriate way to come
to know the land where Jesus was born, where he preached and healed, suffered,
died and rose again.
Originally issued at the time of the Great Jubilee in 2000, these revised and
updated Holy Land Pilgrimage Guidelines are meant to encourage pilgrimages to
the Holy Land and to offer suggestions to help deepen the spiritual experience
of a pilgrimage.
on International Justice and Peace
United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
The Catholic Near East Welfare Association
Catholic Relief Services
Secretariat for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs
- Ties to the Jewish Community
- Ties to the Muslim Community
- Practical Issues
- The Holy Land – Contacts for U.S. Pilgrims
Pilgrimage - A Spiritual Journey
The bishops of
the United States, together with the Holy See and the Church in the Holy Land,
desire to promote an authentic pilgrimage experience for Catholics visiting the
Holy Land. We encourage those who already plan to become pilgrims and those who
are considering doing so, to undertake their journeys in a profoundly religious
spirit, understanding they will be walking along the way of the Lord.
Pilgrimages offer a special opportunity for Christian renewal and for carrying
out the Church's mission of solidarity and reconciliation. Pilgrimage is a
unique religious undertaking. Down the centuries, pilgrimage, whether begun out
of devotion or in penitence, has been the occasion for conversion. Pilgrims are
changed by the experience. Hearts and minds transformed forever, pilgrims have
returned home with a new sense of their Christian calling to take up a new way
of life. We want to encourage Catholics undertaking visits to the Holy Land to
do so in the spirit of true pilgrims, to walk prayerfully and devoutly in the
steps of our Lord and with openness to the movement of the Spirit of Jesus in
Potential pilgrims should not be discouraged by reports of the ongoing
political instability in the region. They should draw strength from the
generations of Christians who have made the pilgrimage to the Holy Land before
them. They should also realize that Catholics have a special calming gift to
bring to the Holy Land in the mission of repentance, conversion and renewal.
Just as the
Gospels are continued in the Book of Acts, so too pilgrimages are made complete
by encounters with the living Church in the Holy Land. The Church of Jerusalem
was the Mother Church for us all. It was from Jerusalem that the apostles went
forth to spread the Gospel. It was to the Church in Jerusalem that other early
communities of faith looked for guidance. So, we also hope that pilgrimages to
the Holy Land will be an occasion to build solidarity between American pilgrims
and the Church in the Holy Land whose center today is Jerusalem.
The great majority of Christians in the area are either Catholic or Orthodox.
Most of the Catholics belong to the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, a church of
the Byzantine tradition whose patriarch resides in Damascus. There is also a
sizable Latin-rite community under the jurisdiction of the Latin Patriarch of
Jerusalem. The local Orthodox Christians are part of the Greek Orthodox
Patriarchate of Jerusalem. It has possession of many of the major Christian
Holy Places. It shares custody (with the Franciscans and the Armenian Apostolic
Church) of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, known to Greek Orthodox as the
Church of the Resurrection. There is also a significant presence of Oriental
Orthodox Christians, especially the Armenian Apostolic Church, which has a
local patriarchate and a school in Jerusalem associated with Saint James
Cathedral and Monastery in the Armenian Quarter. A number of smaller Protestant
groups complete the mosaic of Christian churches in the Holy Land. Your
pilgrimage can offer a valuable opportunity to make contact with these groups,
most of which have maintained a prayerful presence at the Holy Places for many
Jesus, on the night before he died, prayed for the unity of the Church. When
Pope Paul VI visited Jerusalem in 1964, he made the encounter with the
Ecumenical Greek Patriarch Athenagoras a major part of his pilgrimage.
Awareness of the richness of the manifestations of Christian faith, especially
in Jerusalem, can make every pilgrimage an encounter on the road to Christian
unity. The Holy Land includes Israel, the Palestinian Territories, Jerusalem
and Jordan. For some Eastern Churches, the Holy Land also includes Lebanon and
Syria. The Christians of the Holy Land have a difficult vocation to live out in
the land of the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Pilgrims should be
attuned to the people, places and situations along their journey of faith. The
whole Church will be strengthened by special efforts of solidarity on the part
of pilgrims toward the local Christian communities. The Arab Christian presence
in the Holy Land is part of the Church's historic witness to the Gospel. By
experiencing the local Church's travails, pilgrims can share in the wider
struggle for justice and peace, and can strengthen the bonds of solidarity
between the Church in the United States and the Church in the Holy Land.
Solidarity with the Christians of the Holy Land is particularly necessary at
the present time. The pressures faced by Christians of all denominations
throughout the Middle East region and the ensuing emigration are major concerns
for the bishops of the region. The Holy Land is of particular concern, for the
whole Church has an interest in the survival and well-being of living
communities of faith there.
pilgrimage is also a time for healing and reconciliation. Today pilgrimage can
contribute to reconciliation between the Israeli and Palestinian peoples and
the three monotheistic religions of the Holy Land: Judaism, Christianity and
Islam. Abraham is the father in faith for Jews, Christians, and Muslims. All
worship the one God, listen to the divine word instructing them through
scriptures, and treasure the Holy Land. For centuries, adherents of the three
religions have lived side by side.
For all these reasons, the spirit of pilgrimage is not exclusive. Pilgrims
should not visit the historic and modern Holy Land without encountering the
living Christian community. Likewise, they must also make special effort to
encounter the diverse peoples and traditions of the Holy Land. Pilgrimage today
means meeting Christians, Jews, and Muslims and learning about the difficult
issues they face together in the land all three call holy.
Knowledge of Key Concern
A pilgrimage is
not a political exercise, but pilgrims to the Holy Land ought to have an
opportunity to understand the suffering of a local Church caught in the midst
of conflict and the work of the Catholic Church for justice and peace in the
Holy Land. Materials from the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops on
peace between Israelis and Palestinians should be made available. Any
pilgrimage should be a journey of faith and a prayerful search for justice and
peace in the land that is holy to us. Many pilgrims are moved to work for
justice and peace upon their return.
GuidelinesTo allow pilgrims to experience the full religious power of their journey of faith, the following recommendations are made to potential pilgrims, guides, chaplains, and Catholic travel agencies:
- Pilgrimage should be planned and carried out as a genuinely religious exercise in the
spirit of prayer, with reverent openness to the workings of the Spirit and the possibilities of conversion of life. Accordingly, pilgrimage differs
from religious tourism and study tours of the Holy Land.
should be led by an accredited spiritual animator or licensed guide who appreciates and respects the Christian tradition and pilgrimage as a distinctive religious undertaking. There are Church-authorized and government-recognized pilgrimage animators. For the spiritual purposes of pilgrimage, while Catholic or Christian animators or guides are preferable, when they are not available, non-Christian guides should be supplemented with approved chaplains and spiritual directors. Be aware that in addition to licensed Israeli (Jewish and Arab) guides, certified Palestinian guides are now available for areas under Palestinian control.
(Unfortunately, no reciprocity agreements are yet in effect with Israel.) Many of these guides have trained at the Holy See's Bethlehem University.
- Pilgrimages should be planned and conducted with ample opportunity for prayer, celebration of the Sacraments, and personal and group reflection. The spiritual atmosphere of a pilgrimage can be enhanced by the simplicity and quiet of pilgrim hostels as opposed to the busyness of commercial hotels.
- Care should be taken, with advanced planning, for the celebration of the Sacred Liturgy, the Sacraments, and special events such as the renewal of baptismal and marriage vows.
- The pilgrimage experience is enhanced by liturgical and devotional music. Groups should identify musicians and song leaders, and select music or hymnals in advance. Musical tapes can help preserve a sense of prayer on longer bus rides.
- The Holy Places that are staffed by the Franciscans will have specialized sacramentaries and lectionaries adapted to the memory of the people and events associated with the site. In addition, the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem has local liturgical books with Masses commemorating many pilgrims, hermits, penitents and other holy men and women who journeyed to the Holy Land or made it their home. These may also be a source of inspiration for pilgrims and may be obtained from the Chancery of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
- Commercial contacts should be carefully limited with a view to retaining the religious intention of pilgrimage. Pilgrims can lend support to the local economy, but shopping ought not to become a preoccupation. Group leaders should prearrange a limited number of scheduled shopping times and/or allow free time for activities not essential to journeying as pilgrims.
- Catholic pilgrims are encouraged to show their solidarity with the local Church in the Holy Land by becoming acquainted with the faithful, by being attentive to their stories, and by sharing their living faith.
- Catholic Relief Services has created outreach programs for pilgrims and the Pontifical Mission of CNEWA is planning to revive its programs. These offices can help orient American pilgrims and assist them in making contact with local Christians, along with Muslims and Jews. They can also assist groups in making contact with local organizations, especially related to peace, justice and development issues.
- We encourage parish groups to meet with the parishes of the local Church in its different forms, especially Latin and Greek Melkite Catholics; likewise, diocesan groups, priests and religious should endeavor to make contact with local Church leaders and their institutions. Arrangements may be made through Catholic Relief Services' Outreach Office and the Pontifical Mission Office. The Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center and the Catholic Information Center can also be helpful.
- When planning your pilgrimage, obtain a copy of the calendar of events sponsored by the Office of the Assembly of Catholic Ordinaries of the Holy Land (firstname.lastname@example.org), which is located at the Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center.
- Ecclesial solidarity will also mean learning about issues of justice and peace from Palestinians, Israelis, Christians, Jews, and Muslims.
- When visiting or meeting with local Christians, explore ways to establish sustained relations between your parish or diocese and Catholic parishes, Catholic institutions (including the justice and peace commission), and the local Catholic hierarchy.
Ties to the Jewish Community
- The spirit of dialogue especially recommends making serious efforts to come to know the life and aspirations of Jewish communities in Israel. Therefore, pilgrims should try to engage in interfaith dialogue with Jews. The Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel (ICCI) has an office in Jerusalem which offers opportunities for learning about interreligious dialogue in the Holy Land, identifying speakers for pilgrim groups, and learning about lectures and discussions during pilgrims' stays.
- Visit the shrines and historic places of the Jewish people, such as the Western Wall, and the ancient synagogues at Capernaum and Nazareth. Visits to these sites can be occasions for prayerful understanding of the Jewish culture of Jesus' time and the Jewish roots of our Christian faith. A visit to Yad Vashem, the Israeli Holocaust Memorial, also would be important as a sign of respect and solidarity. Pilgrims should know that the Church disputes the way Pope Pius XII is depicted in the Museum.
- Take advantage of lectures, symposia and other events sponsored by institutions such as the Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center.
Ties to the Muslim Community
- Visit Muslim holy sites and meet with Muslim religious leaders. The CRS Outreach Office and the Pontifical Mission Office can be helpful in arranging meetings with Muslim groups and visits to religious sites, such as the Haram el Sharif (the Dome of the Rock) and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
- Visit a Muslim village and meet the people, especially where Catholic Relief Services, the Pontifical Mission, or the Franciscans are sponsoring a project.
- Participate in Jewish-Christian-Muslim dialogue events at the Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center.
- Many Christian institutions will provide meals for pilgrims, the income from which helps support their operations. Plan in advance to take meals in hospices, orphanages, or schools, or take your accommodations with them.
- Where possible, pilgrims are encouraged to visit programs supported by the U.S. Catholic Church: the Pontifical Mission, Catholic Relief Services, and Bethlehem University. With a hotel training program, the university can provide meals as well as a chance to meet with Palestinian students and faculty from the West Bank, Jerusalem and Gaza. This can be easily achieved and incorporated into one's itinerary.
- Guides and tour agencies will be alert to security concerns. The U.S. Embassy and the U.S. Consulate in Jerusalem also issue alerts which can be helpful in planning and executing your pilgrimage. In general, keep to tour buses and
avoid public transport (buses).
- If your guide does not want to enter certain areas, inquire about reasons. Has there been a recent disturbance? Is a disturbance expected today? Be aware that some guides will be averse, solely for ideological reasons, to entering
some areas. If a pattern of comments seems to suggest that this reluctance is ideologically based, consult with his superiors, CRS or the Pontifical Mission, or with local Christian leaders for advice. While not taking unnecessary risks, the religious goals of the pilgrimage, including solidarity and reconciliation, would suggest crossing over boundaries when possible.
- Without prejudice to others, be attentive to opportunities to support known
Christian businesses, including Christian travel agencies and guides. The majority of Christians in the Holy Land are poor and economically disadvantaged. Patronizing their businesses can be an act of solidarity with a Church seriously threatened by emigration. Such business contributes to the economic development of Arab Christian communities and helps retain the threatened Catholic presence in the Holy Land.
The Holy Land - Contacts for U.S. Pilgrims
Rue de Freres, Bethlehem
P.O. Box 11407
Contact: Brother Jack Curran, FSC, PhD, Vice President for Development
Ms. Dina Awwad, Public Relations Officer
by the Vatican, chartered in the U.S., and staffed by the Brothers of Christian
Schools (De La Salle Christian Brothers), Bethlehem University offers higher
education opportunities to Palestinians and Arab Israelis, both Christian and
Muslim. Tourism and hotel management programs permit the university to host
pilgrim groups, providing lunch as well as meetings and discussions with
students and faculty.
Relief Services Outreach Office
P.O. Box 19447
Contact: Hanan Nasrallah, Project Officer
Matt Davis, Country Representative
up to assist U.S. pilgrims, the CRS Outreach Office can provide background
briefings, contacts with local Catholic, Muslim and Jewish groups; instruction
on justice, peace and development issues; and site visits to U.S. Catholic
Church-sponsored projects in nearby villages.
Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem
P.O. Box 14152 Jerusalem 91141
Contact: Fr. Humam Khzouz
Tel: 011-972-2-628-2323, ext. 210
an advance request from tour agencies, the Chancellery can provide pilgrims
with certificates confirming their completion of the pilgrimage. In a limited
number of cases, it can also arrange for meetings with the Latin Patriarch,
Archbishop Fouad Twal, and the awarding of pilgrim shells to Knights and Ladies
of the Holy Sepulchre.
Information Center (CIC)
P.O. Box 14308 (Jaffa Gate - Old City)
Contact: Rev. Fr. Athanasius O.F.M., Director
by Franciscans, CIC provides information on religious events throughout the
country. They have opening hours, mass schedules and addresses for major
religious institutions; provide travel details for buses, taxis, etc. to
locations around the country; sell books, maps, travel guides; and arrange for
masses in the Holy Sepulchre and other sites.
Coordinating Council in Israel (ICCI)
Jerusalem 91086 Israel
Contact: Ophir Yarden
is an umbrella organization of institutions and individuals that seek to
promote interreligious and intercultural understanding within Israeli society.
Greek Catholic Center
Jaffa Gate, Old City Jerusalem
PO Box 14130 - Patriarchal Vicarate
Contact: Anthony Munayer
services such as introduction to Eastern Churches and has a museum with a
display for each Eastern Church. They have a book shop and library, as well as
pilgrim accommodations. They are able to take people around on day tours, but
have limited staff.
East Council of Churches
PO Box 14634 - Jerusalem Liaison Office
provide invaluable information regarding events, contacts, and issues related
to ecumenical and interfaith relationships in the Holy Land.
Dame of Jerusalem Center
P.O Box 20531
Paratroopers Road #3
Contact: Fr. Juan María Solana, L.C., Director
Dame is a Vatican pilgrims' hospice and a major meeting place for Christians
visiting Jerusalem. Evening Prayer and Mass are offered daily. The Assembly of
Catholic Ordinaries of the Holy Land is housed at this Center (tel:
P.O Box 19642
91196 Jerusalem Israel
Contact: Mr. Maher Turjman
Pius XII founded the Pontifical Mission in 1949 to assist refugees and
displaced persons following the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. A work of the Catholic
Near East Welfare Association, based in New York, the mission supports
charitable, medical, educational and cultural programs. It supports schools for
the handicapped and the deaf in Bethlehem.
Peter Gallicantu – Mt. Zion Gate
Old City Jerusalem
Tel: 011-972-2-673-1739/ 673-4812
restored, Saint Peter is the traditional site of Jesus' imprisonment and
Peter's denial. Expanded facilities should provide handicap access, rest
facilities and an amphitheater for use by large tour groups. The gift shop
offers religious and artistic items fashioned by local religious communities. A
hostel provides dormitory-like facilities for young adult pilgrims.